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Energies 2018, 11(9), 2338; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092338

Physical Activation of Waste-Derived Materials for Biogas Cleaning

1
Department of Energy (DENERG), Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24, 10129 Turin, Italy
2
Department of Applied Science and Technology (DISAT), Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24, 10129 Turin, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 May 2018 / Revised: 20 August 2018 / Accepted: 30 August 2018 / Published: 5 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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Abstract

Biogas produced from biomass is carbon neutral. In fact, the carbon feedstock of biomass is converted into gas phase. Biogas use in high efficient energy systems, such as Solid Oxide Fuel Cells is a viable choice. One of the most important drawbacks for such systems is related to the interaction between trace compounds and anode section. Gas cleaning through physical removal mechanisms is the simplest and cheapest method adopted in the literature. Coupled with this solution, the recovery of waste materials is an efficient application of the circular economy approach. In this work, a physical activation process was investigated experimentally for waste-derived materials at a temperature of 700 °C. The removal of H2S was considered as the most abundant trace compound. Activated biochar showed an adsorption capacity comparable to commercial sorbents, while the performance of ashes are still too poor. An important parameter to be considered is the biogas humidity content that enters in competition with trace compounds that must be removed. View Full-Text
Keywords: waste-derived materials; biogas; adsorption; physical activation waste-derived materials; biogas; adsorption; physical activation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Papurello, D.; Santarelli, M.; Fiorilli, S. Physical Activation of Waste-Derived Materials for Biogas Cleaning. Energies 2018, 11, 2338.

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