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Open AccessArticle

Performance Analysis of an Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Electrolyzer Test Bench under a CO2-H2O Feed Stream

Department of Mechanical, Energy and Management Engineering, University of Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende, 87036 Cosenza, Italy
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Energies 2018, 11(9), 2276; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092276
Received: 24 July 2018 / Revised: 21 August 2018 / Accepted: 25 August 2018 / Published: 29 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
Renewable sources and electric distribution network can produce or make available a surplus of electric and thermal energies. The Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Electrolyzer (IT-SOE) fed by CO2-steam mixtures can store these electric and thermal energies producing CO-H2 mixtures with high conversion efficiency. Inside the IT-SOE, the CO2-steam mixtures are converted into CO-H2 mixtures and O2 through cathodic and anodic electrochemical reactions and reverse water gas shift chemical reactions. In this article an IT-SOE stack fed by different types of steam mixtures was tested at different operating temperatures and the stack polarization and electric power curves were detected experimentally. At the highest hydrogen production operating temperature of the stack fed by steam mixtures, the experimental polarization and electric power curves of the stack fed by steam and CO2-steam mixtures were compared. A simulation model of the IT-SOE system (stack and furnace) fed by CO2-steam mixtures was formulated ad hoc and implemented in a MatLab environment and experimentally validated. At the highest hydrogen production stack operating temperature, the IT-SOE system thermal equilibrium current was evaluated through the simulation model. Moreover, the influence of this current on the IT-SOE system efficiency and the CO-H2 mixture degree of purity was highlighted. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO/H2 production; intermediate temperature SOE; SOE modeling; performance analysis; hydrogen CO/H2 production; intermediate temperature SOE; SOE modeling; performance analysis; hydrogen
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Fragiacomo, P.; De Lorenzo, G.; Corigliano, O. Performance Analysis of an Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Electrolyzer Test Bench under a CO2-H2O Feed Stream. Energies 2018, 11, 2276.

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