Next Article in Journal
Maximum Power Point Tracking for a Point Absorber Device with a Tubular Linear Switched Reluctance Generator
Next Article in Special Issue
Parameter Identification of Inverter-Fed Induction Motors: A Review
Previous Article in Journal
Decision Support Tool for Offshore Wind Farm Vessel Routing under Uncertainty
Previous Article in Special Issue
Concurrent Real-Time Estimation of State of Health and Maximum Available Power in Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Energies 2018, 11(9), 2191; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092191

Li-Ion Battery Fire Hazards and Safety Strategies

1
Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering (CALCE), University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
2
National Research Base of Intelligent Manufacturing Service, Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing 400067, China
3
National Active Distribution Network Technology Research Center, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 August 2018 / Revised: 14 August 2018 / Accepted: 18 August 2018 / Published: 22 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 10 Years Energies - Horizon 2028)
Full-Text   |   PDF [523 KB, uploaded 22 August 2018]   |  

Abstract

In the past five years, there have been numerous cases of Li-ion battery fires and explosions, resulting in property damage and bodily injuries. This paper discusses the thermal runaway mechanism and presents various thermal runaway mitigation approaches, including separators, flame retardants, and safety vents. The paper then overviews measures for extinguishing fires, and concludes with a set of recommendations for future research and development. View Full-Text
Keywords: Li-ion battery; energy conversion and storage; fire incidents; safety issues; separator shutdown; flame retardants; venting Li-ion battery; energy conversion and storage; fire incidents; safety issues; separator shutdown; flame retardants; venting
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kong, L.; Li, C.; Jiang, J.; Pecht, M.G. Li-Ion Battery Fire Hazards and Safety Strategies. Energies 2018, 11, 2191.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top