Next Article in Journal
Maximum Power Point Tracking for a Point Absorber Device with a Tubular Linear Switched Reluctance Generator
Next Article in Special Issue
Parameter Identification of Inverter-Fed Induction Motors: A Review
Previous Article in Journal
Decision Support Tool for Offshore Wind Farm Vessel Routing under Uncertainty
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Effect of a Wave Energy Farm Protecting an Aquaculture Installation
 
 
Review

Li-Ion Battery Fire Hazards and Safety Strategies

1
Center for Advanced Life Cycle Engineering (CALCE), University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
2
National Research Base of Intelligent Manufacturing Service, Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing 400067, China
3
National Active Distribution Network Technology Research Center, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2018, 11(9), 2191; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092191
Received: 1 August 2018 / Revised: 14 August 2018 / Accepted: 18 August 2018 / Published: 22 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 10 Years Energies - Horizon 2028)
In the past five years, there have been numerous cases of Li-ion battery fires and explosions, resulting in property damage and bodily injuries. This paper discusses the thermal runaway mechanism and presents various thermal runaway mitigation approaches, including separators, flame retardants, and safety vents. The paper then overviews measures for extinguishing fires, and concludes with a set of recommendations for future research and development. View Full-Text
Keywords: Li-ion battery; energy conversion and storage; fire incidents; safety issues; separator shutdown; flame retardants; venting Li-ion battery; energy conversion and storage; fire incidents; safety issues; separator shutdown; flame retardants; venting
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kong, L.; Li, C.; Jiang, J.; Pecht, M.G. Li-Ion Battery Fire Hazards and Safety Strategies. Energies 2018, 11, 2191. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092191

AMA Style

Kong L, Li C, Jiang J, Pecht MG. Li-Ion Battery Fire Hazards and Safety Strategies. Energies. 2018; 11(9):2191. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092191

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kong, Lingxi, Chuan Li, Jiuchun Jiang, and Michael G. Pecht. 2018. "Li-Ion Battery Fire Hazards and Safety Strategies" Energies 11, no. 9: 2191. https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092191

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop