Streamer Inception from Ultra-Sharp Needles in Mineral Oil Based Nanofluids
AbstractPositive and negative streamer inception voltages from ultra-sharp needle tips (with tip radii below 0.5 μm) are measured in TiO2, SiO2, Al2O3, ZnO and C60 nanofluids. The experiments are performed at several concentrations of nanoparticles dispersed in mineral oil. It is found that nanoparticles influence positive and negative streamers in different ways. TiO2, SiO2 and Al2O3 nanoparticles increase the positive streamer inception voltage only, whilst ZnO and C60 nanoparticles augment the streamer inception voltages in both polarities. Using these results, the main hypotheses explaining the improvement in the dielectric strength of the host oil due to the presence of nanoparticles are analyzed. It is found that the water adsorption hypothesis of nanoparticles is consistent with the increments in the reported positive streamer inception voltages. It is also shown that the hypothesis of nanoparticles reducing the electron velocity by hopping transport mechanisms fails to explain the results obtained for negative streamers. Finally, the hypothesis of nanoparticles attaching electrons according to their charging characteristics is found to be consistent with the results hereby presented on negative streamers. View Full-Text
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Aljure, M.; Becerra, M.; Karlsson, M.E. Streamer Inception from Ultra-Sharp Needles in Mineral Oil Based Nanofluids. Energies 2018, 11, 2064.
Aljure M, Becerra M, Karlsson ME. Streamer Inception from Ultra-Sharp Needles in Mineral Oil Based Nanofluids. Energies. 2018; 11(8):2064.Chicago/Turabian Style
Aljure, Mauricio; Becerra, Marley; Karlsson, Mattias E. 2018. "Streamer Inception from Ultra-Sharp Needles in Mineral Oil Based Nanofluids." Energies 11, no. 8: 2064.
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