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Energies 2018, 11(6), 1362; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11061362

Energy Management Strategy for a Bioethanol Isolated Hybrid System: Simulations and Experiments

1
Grupo de Ingeniería de Sistemas de Procesos (GISP), Centro Franco-Argentino de Ciencias de la Información y de Sistemas (CIFASIS) CONICET-UNR, 27 de Febrero 210 bis, Rosario S2000EZP, Argentina
2
Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Facultad Regional San Nicolás, Universidad Tecnológica Nacional, Colón 332, San Nicolás de Los Arroyos B2900LWH, Argentina
3
Departament d’Enginyeria de Sistemes, Automàtica i Informàtica Industrial, UPC, C/Pau Gargallo 5, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
4
Institut de Robòtica i Informàtica Industrial, CSIC-UPC, Llorens i Artigas 4-6, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
5
Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Ingeniería y Agrimensura—Universidad Nacional de Rosario (FCEIA–UNR), Rosario 2000, Argentina
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 March 2018 / Revised: 4 May 2018 / Accepted: 11 May 2018 / Published: 28 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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PDF [3109 KB, uploaded 28 May 2018]
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Abstract

Renewable energy sources have significant advantages both from the environmental and the economic point of view. Additionally, renewable energy sources can contribute significantly to the development of isolated areas that currently have no connection to the electricity supply network. In order to make efficient use of these energy sources, it is necessary to develop appropriate energy management strategies. This work presents an energy management strategy for an isolated hybrid renewable energy system with hydrogen production from bioethanol reforming. The system is based on wind-solar energy, batteries and a bioethanol reformer, which produces hydrogen to feed a fuel cell system. Bioethanol can contribute to the development of isolated areas with surplus agricultural production, which can be used to produce bioethanol. The energy management strategy takes the form of a state machine and tries to maximize autonomy time while minimizing recharging time. The proposed rule-based strategy has been validated both by simulation and experimentally in a scale laboratory station. Both tests have shown the viability of the proposed strategy complying with the specifications imposed and a good agreement between experimental and simulation results. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy management; renewable energy sources; hydrogen production; proton exchange membrane fuel cells; isolated power systems energy management; renewable energy sources; hydrogen production; proton exchange membrane fuel cells; isolated power systems
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gabriel Rullo, P.; Costa-Castelló, R.; Roda, V.; Feroldi, D. Energy Management Strategy for a Bioethanol Isolated Hybrid System: Simulations and Experiments. Energies 2018, 11, 1362.

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