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Energies 2018, 11(5), 1031; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11051031

Intrinsic Variability in the Degradation of a Batch of Commercial 18650 Lithium-Ion Cells

1
Maxim Integrated, San Jose, CA 95134, USA
2
Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Mānoa, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 March 2018 / Revised: 20 April 2018 / Accepted: 20 April 2018 / Published: 24 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Storage and Application)
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Abstract

The use of lithium batteries for power and energy-hungry applications has risen drastically in recent years. For such applications, it is necessary to connect the batteries in large assemblies of cells in series and parallel. With a large number of cells operating together, it is necessary to understand their intrinsic variabilities, not only at the initial stage but also upon aging. In this study, we studied a batch of commercial cells to address their initial cell-to-cell variations and also the variations induced by cycling. To do so, we not only tracked several metrics associated with cell performance, the maximum capacity, the resistance, and the rate capability but also the degradation mechanism via a non-invasive quantification of the loss of lithium inventory (LLI), the loss of active material (LAM) and the kinetic degradation on both electrodes. We found that, even with small initial cell-to-cell variations, significant variations will be observed upon aging because the cells degrade at a different pace. We also observed that these variations were not correlated with the initial variations. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium-ion battery degradation; intrinsic variability; cell screening; cell-to-cell variations lithium-ion battery degradation; intrinsic variability; cell screening; cell-to-cell variations
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Devie, A.; Baure, G.; Dubarry, M. Intrinsic Variability in the Degradation of a Batch of Commercial 18650 Lithium-Ion Cells. Energies 2018, 11, 1031.

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