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Energies 2018, 11(5), 1025; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11051025

Fault Current Limiters in Power Systems: A Comprehensive Review

Department of Electrical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
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Received: 6 March 2018 / Revised: 13 April 2018 / Accepted: 17 April 2018 / Published: 24 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
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Abstract

Power systems are becoming more and more complex in nature due to the integration of several power electronic devices. Protection of such systems and augmentation of reliability as well as stability highly depend on limiting the fault currents. Several fault current limiters (FCLs) have been applied in power systems as they provide rapid and efficient fault current limitation. This paper presents a comprehensive literature review of the application of different types of FCLs in power systems. Applications of superconducting and non-superconducting FCLs are categorized as: (1) application in generation, transmission and distribution networks; (2) application in alternating current (AC)/direct current (DC) systems; (3) application in renewable energy resources integration; (4) application in distributed generation (DG); and (5) application for reliability, stability and fault ride through capability enhancement. Modeling, impact and control strategies of several FCLs in power systems are presented with practical implementation cases in different countries. Recommendations are provided to improve the performance of the FCLs in power systems with modification of its structures, optimal placement and proper control design. This review paper will be a good foundation for researchers working in power system stability issues and for industry to implement the ongoing research advancement in real systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: fault current limiter; superconducting; non-superconducting; optimal placement; power system stability; fault ride through capability fault current limiter; superconducting; non-superconducting; optimal placement; power system stability; fault ride through capability
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Alam, M.S.; Abido, M.A.Y.; El-Amin, I. Fault Current Limiters in Power Systems: A Comprehensive Review. Energies 2018, 11, 1025.

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