Next Article in Journal
Direct Flux Control for Stand-Alone Operation Brushless Doubly Fed Induction Generators Using a Resonant-Based Sliding-Mode Control Approach
Previous Article in Journal
Wire Mesh Dampers for Semi-Floating Ring Bearings in Automotive Turbochargers: Measurements of Structural Stiffness and Damping Parameters
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Energies 2018, 11(4), 813; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11040813

Mini-Grids for the Base of the Pyramid Market: A Critical Review

Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development, De Montfort University, The Gateway, Leicester LE1 9BH, UK
Received: 28 February 2018 / Revised: 23 March 2018 / Accepted: 30 March 2018 / Published: 2 April 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [3510 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

The lack of access to electricity of more than 1.1 billion people around the world remains a major developmental challenge and Goal 7 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) as well as Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) have set a target of universal electrification by 2030. Various studies have identified mini-grid-based electrification as a possible solution. There is a growing body of literature available now that has explored the feasibility, practical application and policy interventions required to support mini-grids. Through a review of available literature, this paper explores whether mini-grids can be a solution for the base of the pyramid (BoP) market and the challenges faced in deploying mini-grids in such markets. Interventions to support the mini-grid deployment are also discussed. The paper finds that the mini-grids are targeting the BoP market but the business is not attractive in profitability terms and requires financial support. Lack of regulatory clarity and non-coordinated policies affect the financial viability of projects, which requires careful support. Mini-grid electrification has hardly been embedded in rural development agenda and hence they have not contributed significantly to livelihood generation. Careful realignment of policies, regulatory frameworks and support systems can better support mini-grid deployment in developing countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: mini-grids; BoP market; challenges; support mechanisms mini-grids; BoP market; challenges; support mechanisms
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bhattacharyya, S.C. Mini-Grids for the Base of the Pyramid Market: A Critical Review. Energies 2018, 11, 813.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top