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Energies 2018, 11(12), 3366; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11123366

Significance and Challenges of Biomass as a Suitable Feedstock for Bioenergy and Biochemical Production: A Review

Departament d’Enginyeria Química, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43007 Tarragona, Spain
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Received: 25 October 2018 / Revised: 20 November 2018 / Accepted: 27 November 2018 / Published: 1 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sources)
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Abstract

Fossil fuels have been a major contributor to greenhouse gases, the amounts of which could be reduced if biofuels such as bioethanol and biodiesel were used for transportation. One of the most promising biofuels is ethyl alcohol. In 2015, the world production of ethanol was 25.6 billion gallons and the USA, Brazil, China, the European Union, and 28 other countries have set targets for blending ethanol with gasoline. The two major bio-source materials used for ethanol production are corn and sugarcane. For 1st generation biofuels, sugarcane and corn feedstocks are not able to fulfill the current demand for alcohol. Non-edible lignocellulosic biomass is an alternative bio-source for creating 2nd generation biofuels and algae biomass for 3rd and 4th generation biofuels. This review discusses the significance of biomass for the different generations of biofuels, and biochemical and thermochemical processes, and the significance of biorefinery products. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofuel; lignocellulosic biomass; biochemicals; ethanol; biorefinery biofuel; lignocellulosic biomass; biochemicals; ethanol; biorefinery
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Ahorsu, R.; Medina, F.; Constantí, M. Significance and Challenges of Biomass as a Suitable Feedstock for Bioenergy and Biochemical Production: A Review. Energies 2018, 11, 3366.

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