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Open AccessFeature PaperReview

Toward Green Vehicles Digitalization for the Next Generation of Connected and Electrified Transport Systems

1
Faculty of Engineering, Østfold University College, Kobberslagerstredet 5, 1671 Kråkeroy, Norway
2
Dipartimento Ingegneria dell’Informazione (DII), University of Pisa, via G. Caruso 16, 56122 Pisa, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2018, 11(11), 3124; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11113124
Received: 15 October 2018 / Accepted: 8 November 2018 / Published: 12 November 2018
This survey paper reviews recent trends in green vehicle electrification and digitalization, as part of a special section on “Energy Storage Systems and Power Conversion Electronics for E-Transportation and Smart Grid”, led by the authors. First, the energy demand and emissions of electric vehicles (EVs) are reviewed, including the analysis of the trends of battery technology and of the recharging issues considering the characteristics of the power grid. Solutions to integrate EV electricity demand in power grids are also proposed. Integrated electric/electronic (E/E) architectures for hybrid EVs (HEVs) and full EVs are discussed, detailing innovations emerging for all components (power converters, electric machines, batteries, and battery-management-systems). 48 V HEVs are emerging as the most promising solution for the short-term electrification of current vehicles based on internal combustion engines. The increased digitalization and connectivity of electrified cars is posing cyber-security issues that are discussed in detail, together with some countermeasures to mitigate them, thus tracing the path for future on-board computing and control platforms. View Full-Text
Keywords: green vehicles (GV); electrified vehicles (EV); smart grids; hybrid electric vehicles (HEV); integrated starter-generators green vehicles (GV); electrified vehicles (EV); smart grids; hybrid electric vehicles (HEV); integrated starter-generators
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mihet-Popa, L.; Saponara, S. Toward Green Vehicles Digitalization for the Next Generation of Connected and Electrified Transport Systems. Energies 2018, 11, 3124.

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