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Energies 2018, 11(11), 2863;

Impact Evaluation of Wind Power Geographic Dispersion on Future Operating Reserve Needs

College of Electrical Engineering, Federal University of Pará, Pará 66075-110, Brazil
Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina 88040-900, Brazil
Department of Energy and Production, Institute of Science and Technology, INESC P&D Brasil, Barrio Gonzaga Santos 11055-300, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 September 2018 / Revised: 10 October 2018 / Accepted: 12 October 2018 / Published: 23 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
PDF [1660 KB, uploaded 23 October 2018]


This paper evaluates the potential of diverse wind power patterns to balance the global power output of wind farms using the concept of operating reserve assessment. To achieve this, operating reserve assessment models are utilized to evaluate bulk generation systems under several conditions of wind power geographic distribution. Different wind behavior patterns and wind power penetration levels are tested using a modified configuration of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Reliability Test System 96 (IEEE RTS-96). The results highlight that on a large country scale system with different wind characteristics, the diversification of wind behavior might be conducive to a compensation of wind power fluctuations, which may significantly decrease the need for system operating reserves. This effect is verified using probability distribution functions of reserve needs estimated by sequential Monte Carlo simulations (SMCS), such that useful information regarding generation capacity flexibility is drawn from the evaluations. View Full-Text
Keywords: operating reserve capacity; sequential Monte Carlo simulation; wind power operating reserve capacity; sequential Monte Carlo simulation; wind power

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Manuel Carvalho da Silva Santos, F.; Elizeire Bremermann, L.; Da Mata Medeiros Branco, T.; Issicaba, D.; Augusto da Rosa, M. Impact Evaluation of Wind Power Geographic Dispersion on Future Operating Reserve Needs. Energies 2018, 11, 2863.

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