Next Article in Journal
Effects of Oxygen Enrichment in Air Oxidants on Biomass Gasification Efficiency and the Reduction of Tar Emissions
Next Article in Special Issue
Electrochemical Hydrogenation of Acetone to Produce Isopropanol Using a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Reactor
Previous Article in Journal
Efficient and Provably Secure Key Agreement for Modern Smart Metering Communications
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of Organosolv Pretreatment Using Temperature-Controlled Bench-Scale Ball Milling on Enzymatic Saccharification of Miscanthus × giganteus
Article Menu
Issue 10 (October) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Energies 2018, 11(10), 2663;

A Critical Analysis of Bio-Hydrocarbon Production in Bacteria: Current Challenges and Future Directions

Department of Microbiology, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan 23200, Pakistan
Department of Environmental Sciences, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan 23200, Pakistan
Cell Factory Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon 34141, Korea
Department of Biological Sciences, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon 34141, Korea
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 September 2018 / Revised: 27 September 2018 / Accepted: 3 October 2018 / Published: 6 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biofuel and Bioenergy Technology)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1458 KB, uploaded 19 October 2018]   |  


As global fossil reserves are abruptly diminishing, there is a great need for bioenergy. Renewable and sustainable bioenergy products such as biofuels could fulfill the global energy demand, while minimizing global warming. Next-generation biofuels produced by engineered microorganisms are economical and do not rely on edible resources. The ideal biofuels are alcohols and n-alkanes, as they mimic the molecules in fossil fuels and possess high energy densities. Alcohols and n-alkane hydrocarbons (C2 to C18) have been produced using engineered microorganisms. However, it is difficult to optimize the complex metabolic networks in engineered microorganisms to obtain these valuable bio-hydrocarbons in high yields. Metabolic engineering results in drastic and adverse cellular changes that minimize production yield in microbes. Here, we provide an overview of the progress in next-generation biofuel (alcohols and n-alkanes) production in various engineered microorganisms and discuss the latest tools for strain development that improve biofuel production. View Full-Text
Keywords: microbial biofuel; metabolic engineering; alkanes; alcohols microbial biofuel; metabolic engineering; alkanes; alcohols

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Rahman, Z.; Nawab, J.; Sung, B.H.; Kim, S.C. A Critical Analysis of Bio-Hydrocarbon Production in Bacteria: Current Challenges and Future Directions. Energies 2018, 11, 2663.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top