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Energies 2018, 11(10), 2662;

Efficient and Provably Secure Key Agreement for Modern Smart Metering Communications

1,†,* , 2,†
Industrial Engineering INDI, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
Department of Computer Science, Oxford University, Oxford OX1 3QD, UK
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 September 2018 / Revised: 27 September 2018 / Accepted: 1 October 2018 / Published: 6 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Smart Grid)
PDF [837 KB, uploaded 6 October 2018]


Security in modern smart metering communications and in smart grid networks has been an area of interest recently. In this field, identity-based mutual authentication including credential privacy without active involvement of a trusted third party is an important building block for smart grid technology. Recently, several schemes have been proposed for the smart grid with various security features (e.g., mutual authentication and key agreement). Moreover, these schemes are said to offer session key security under the widely accepted Canetti-Krawczyk (CK) security model. Instead, we argue that all of them are still vulnerable under the CK model. To remedy the problem, we present a new provably secure key agreement model for smart metering communications. The proposed model preserves the security features and provides more resistance against a denial of service attack. Moreover, our scheme is pairing-free, resulting in highly efficient computational and communication efforts.
Keywords: smart metering network; authentication; canetti-krawczyk; ECQV certificates; anonymity smart metering network; authentication; canetti-krawczyk; ECQV certificates; anonymity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Braeken, A.; Kumar, P.; Martin, A. Efficient and Provably Secure Key Agreement for Modern Smart Metering Communications. Energies 2018, 11, 2662.

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