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Energies 2018, 11(1), 62; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11010062

Comparative Analysis of P2P Architectures for Energy Trading and Sharing

1
Faculty of Science and Engineering, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD, UK
2
Nokia-Bell Labs, Copernicuslaan 50, 2018 Antwerp, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 November 2017 / Revised: 21 December 2017 / Accepted: 26 December 2017 / Published: 29 December 2017
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Abstract

Rising awareness and emergence of smart technologies have inspired new thinking in energy system management. Whilst integration of distributed energy resources in micro-grids (MGs) has become the technique of choice for consumers to generate their energy, it also provides a unique opportunity to explore energy trading and sharing amongst them. This paper investigates peer-to-peer (P2P) communication architectures for prosumers’ energy trading and sharing. The performances of common P2P protocols are evaluated under the stringent communication requirements of energy networks defined in IEEE 1547.3-2007. Simulation results show that the structured P2P protocol exhibits a reliability of 99.997% in peer discovery and message delivery whilst the unstructured P2P protocol yields 98%, both of which are consistent with the requirements of MG applications. These two architectures exhibit high scalability with a latency of 0.5 s at a relatively low bandwidth consumption, thus, showing promising potential in their adoption for prosumer to prosumer communication. View Full-Text
Keywords: peer-to-peer architecture (P2P); structured P2P; unstructured P2P; protocols; micro-grid; prosumer; energy trading and sharing (ETS); multi-agent systems; kademlia; gia peer-to-peer architecture (P2P); structured P2P; unstructured P2P; protocols; micro-grid; prosumer; energy trading and sharing (ETS); multi-agent systems; kademlia; gia
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Jogunola, O.; Ikpehai, A.; Anoh, K.; Adebisi, B.; Hammoudeh, M.; Gacanin, H.; Harris, G. Comparative Analysis of P2P Architectures for Energy Trading and Sharing. Energies 2018, 11, 62.

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