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Energies 2018, 11(1), 27;

Improving Transient Response of Power Converter in a Stand-Alone Microgrid Using Virtual Synchronous Generator

Department of Electrical Engineering, Incheon National University, Songdo-dong, 119 Academy-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 22012, Korea
Research Institute for Northeast Asian Super Grid, Incheon National University, 119 Academy-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 22012, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 19 December 2017 / Accepted: 21 December 2017 / Published: 23 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Distribution System Operation and Control)
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Multiple power converters based on the droop controllers have been used widely in the microgrid (MG) system. However, owing to the different response time among several types of power converters such as grid-feeding and grid-forming converters, low frequency oscillation occurs with high overshoot in the transient state. This paper proposes a novel control strategy based on the virtual synchronous generator (VSG) for improving transient response of parallel power converters during large disturbance in the stand-alone microgrid. The proposed VSG control, which inherits the transient state characteristic of the synchronous generator, can provide inertia virtually to the system. The transient response of voltage and frequency is improved, while the total system inertia response is compensated. Thus, the system stability can be enhanced by using the proposed VSG control. Additionally, the small signal analysis of the conventional VSG controller and the proposed VSG controller are carried out to show the effectiveness of the proposed VSG controller. The derivation of frequency, which is used to evaluate the inertia support of the VSG controller to the MG system, is discussed. The simulation result demonstrates that the overshoot of the transient response can be reduced, and the system stability is improved when the proposed VSG controller is applied. The MG system based on the real-time simulator OP5600 (OPAL-RT Technologies, Montreal, QC, Canada) is carried out to verify the feasibility of the proposed VSG controller. View Full-Text
Keywords: microgrid control; virtual synchronous generator; power converter; power conversion microgrid control; virtual synchronous generator; power converter; power conversion

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Nguyen, C.-K.; Nguyen, T.-T.; Yoo, H.-J.; Kim, H.-M. Improving Transient Response of Power Converter in a Stand-Alone Microgrid Using Virtual Synchronous Generator. Energies 2018, 11, 27.

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