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Energies 2017, 10(8), 1228; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10081228

Optimization of Drilling Layouts Based on Controlled Presplitting Blasting through Strata for Gas Drainage in Coal Roadway Strips

1
State Key Laboratory of Coal Mine Disaster Dynamics and Control, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China
2
College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China
3
Gas Research Institute, Chongqing Research Institute of China Coal Technology and Engineering Group Corp, Chongqing 400037, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 June 2017 / Revised: 27 July 2017 / Accepted: 15 August 2017 / Published: 18 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sources)
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Abstract

The controlled presplitting blasting technique is widely used in mining engineering to improve the permeability and gas extraction efficiency of coal seams. One of the key factors is the appropriate arrangement of the blasting and drainage holes, which can help improve the gas drainage quantity. To optimize the drilling layout to enhance gas-drainage efficiency, a series of controlled presplitting blasting tests were conducted at the Pingdingshan No. 8 coal mine. Based on the analysis of variations in stress and longitudinal-wave velocity of the coal in different blasting ranges, the results show that the stress on the coal at a distance of 1 m from the blasting hole decreased significantly after blasting; thus, the coal exhibited negligible bearing capacity and the longitudinal-wave velocity decreased by 56%. However, the coal exhibited particular bearing capacity at a distance of 3 m away from the blasting hole, and the longitudinal-wave velocity decreased by 35%. The stress and longitudinal-wave velocity at a distance of 5 m from the blasting hole were unaffected by the blasting. The blasting integrity rate of coal kv was defined to characterize the effect of blasting on the coal-seam fracture. The effective cracking and effective influence radii of blasting under these working conditions were predicted to be in the ranges 3.3–3.4 m and 7.2–7.3 m, respectively. According to the test results, the borehole layout was optimized in the field testes for gas drainage in coal roadway strips, and the amounts of pure gas extracted after blasting were thus increased by 1.54–2.24 times the amount before blasting. View Full-Text
Keywords: mining engineering; controlled presplitting blasting; gas pre-drainage; longitudinal-wave velocity; drilling layout mining engineering; controlled presplitting blasting; gas pre-drainage; longitudinal-wave velocity; drilling layout
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Xie, Z.; Zhang, D.; Song, Z.; Li, M.; Liu, C.; Sun, D. Optimization of Drilling Layouts Based on Controlled Presplitting Blasting through Strata for Gas Drainage in Coal Roadway Strips. Energies 2017, 10, 1228.

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