Next Article in Journal
Performance Evaluation of a Modular Design of Wind Tower with Wetted Surfaces
Next Article in Special Issue
Development of the IBSAL-SimMOpt Method for the Optimization of Quality in a Corn Stover Supply Chain
Previous Article in Journal
Parametric Analysis of Design Parameter Effects on the Performance of a Solar Desiccant Evaporative Cooling System in Brisbane, Australia
Previous Article in Special Issue
Computational Model of a Biomass Driven Absorption Refrigeration System
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2017, 10(7), 847;

Potential of Livestock Generated Biomass: Untapped Energy Source in India

I. K. Gujral Punjab Technical University, 144603 Punjab, India
Ex-Vice Chancellor, VIT, Vellore, 632014 Tamil Nadu, India
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 May 2017 / Revised: 18 June 2017 / Accepted: 20 June 2017 / Published: 25 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomass for Energy Country Specific Show Case Studies)
PDF [1250 KB, uploaded 25 June 2017]


Modern economies run on the backbone of electricity as one of major factors behind industrial development. India is endowed with plenty of natural resources and the majority of electricity within the country is generated from thermal and hydro-electric plants. A few nuclear plants assist in meeting the national requirements for electricity but still many rural areas remain uncovered. As India is primarily a rural agrarian economy, providing electricity to the remote, undeveloped regions of the country remains a top priority of the government. A vital, untapped source is livestock generated biomass which to some extent has been utilized to generate electricity in small scale biogas based plants under the government's thrust on rural development. This study is a preliminary attempt to correlate developments in this arena in the Asian region, as well as the developed world, to explore the possibilities of harnessing this resource in a better manner. The current potential of 2600 million tons of livestock dung generated per year, capable of yielding 263,702 million m3 of biogas is exploited. Our estimates suggest that if this resource is utilized judiciously, it possesses the potential of generating 477 TWh (Terawatt hour) of electrical energy per annum. View Full-Text
Keywords: biogas; cows dung; electrical energy; India; livestock biogas; cows dung; electrical energy; India; livestock

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kaur, G.; Brar, Y.S.; Kothari, D. Potential of Livestock Generated Biomass: Untapped Energy Source in India. Energies 2017, 10, 847.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top