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Energies 2017, 10(7), 1042; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10071042

Location Study of Solar Thermal Power Plant in the State of Pernambuco Using Geoprocessing Technologies and Multiple-Criteria Analysis

1
Departamento de Energia Nuclear, Centro de Tecnologias e Geociências, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Prof. Luiz Freire, 1000, Cidade Universitária, Recife PE 50.740-540, Brazil
2
Departamento de Engenharia Cartográfica, Centro de Tecnologias e Geociências, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Acadêmico Hélio Ramos, s/n, 2nd Floor, Cidade Universitária, Recife PE 50.740-530, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Calise
Received: 23 May 2017 / Revised: 6 July 2017 / Accepted: 13 July 2017 / Published: 20 July 2017
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Abstract

Solar Thermal Technology for the generation of electricity in large scale has been a reality in the world since the 1980s, when the first large-sized solar plants in the United States were introduced. Brazil presents great potential for the development of large-scale projects, although it is noted that the main barriers for the insertion of this technology in Brazilian market are the lack of incentives and goals and associated costs. In a way to contribute to the insertion of solar thermal technology in Brazil, this paper presents a macro-spatial approach, based on the use of Multiple-Criteria Decision Analysis and Geoprocessing, for the location of solar thermal power plants. The applied methodology for Pernambuco, located in the Northeast Region of Brazil, considered the implantation of parabolic trough solar power plant of 80 MW, operating only in solar mode, without heat storage. Based on performed analysis, it was confirmed that Pernambuco presents great potential for the installation of solar power plants, especially in the backlands of Pernambuco. Performed validations in the model demonstrate that the methodology attended the objective once the consistence between the assigned weights to the thematic layers, individually, and the final Map of site suitability were evidenced. View Full-Text
Keywords: Solar Energy; Solar Thermal Power Plant; Geoprocessing Technologies Solar Energy; Solar Thermal Power Plant; Geoprocessing Technologies
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Azevêdo, V.W.B.; Candeias, A.L.B.; Tiba, C. Location Study of Solar Thermal Power Plant in the State of Pernambuco Using Geoprocessing Technologies and Multiple-Criteria Analysis. Energies 2017, 10, 1042.

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