A new twin-roll continuous slag solidification process and heat recovery process from a slag packed bed was developed for utilization of the waste heat of steelmaking slag. Plate-shaped slag with the thickness about 7 mm was successfully produced in a pilot plant, and the sensible heat of the slag was recovered by blowing air into the slag chamber. However, the gas distribution inside the slag packed bed was unclear because of the unique shape of the slag plates, and this remained a concern for further scale-up designing of the slag chamber. Therefore, in order to estimate the gas distribution in the packed bed, a simple computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model which considers the wall effect around the inner wall of the chamber was developed, and this model was fitted to the results of laboratory-scale velocity distribution measurements. The results showed that the gas velocity distribution was properly estimated, and the intensity of the wall effect was similar in both cases. As the next step, the gas velocity distribution and its effect on the slag heat recovery process in a pilot-scale slag chamber were evaluated with the assistance of the CFD simulation model. The simulation results were compared with the measured data obtained in a pilot-scale test, and as the result, a similar wall effect was also observed in the pilot-scale chamber. However, the intensity of the wall effect was limited enough to prevent serious deterioration of the uniformity of the gas distribution.
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