Next Article in Journal
Gas Hydrate and Free Gas Concentrations in Two Sites inside the Chilean Margin (Itata and Valdivia Offshores)
Previous Article in Journal
Brexit and Article 50 of the Treaty of the European Union: Implications for UK Energy Policy and Security
Article Menu
Issue 12 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Energies 2017, 10(12), 2140;

Evaluating Energy Policies through the Use of a Hybrid Quantitative Indicator-Based Approach: The Case of Mercosur

Energy Planning Program (PPE/COPPE/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro 21941-450, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 November 2017 / Revised: 5 December 2017 / Accepted: 12 December 2017 / Published: 15 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Electrical Power and Energy System)
Full-Text   |   PDF [501 KB, uploaded 15 December 2017]   |  


This paper evaluates the performance of energy policies in the Southern Common Market (Mercosur), a regional initiative consisting of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, but also considering Venezuela (full member since mid-2012) and Bolivia (full participation under negotiation since 2015). The methodology is based on a qualitative-quantitative approach. First, we provide a critical review of the literature on energy security. Then, we carry out a comparative analysis of energy policies in Mercosur countries, concluding that there is no harmonization between them. Next, we offer the new concept of socio-environmental-energy security (SEES) as a more suitable approach to deal with current challenges, providing a hybrid quantitative indicator-based approach to the SEES index. Ergo, after defining the indicators, selecting the data, carrying out a normalization process, assigning weights and aggregating data points, the SEES composite index is generated. We suggest that energy integration can contribute to better regional performance in terms of energy policies and that the SEES index can guide policy makers and investments, replacing the old-fashioned concept of energy security. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy security; energy indicators; developing countries; Mercosur energy security; energy indicators; developing countries; Mercosur

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Santos, T.; Pereira Júnior, A.O.; La Rovere, E.L. Evaluating Energy Policies through the Use of a Hybrid Quantitative Indicator-Based Approach: The Case of Mercosur. Energies 2017, 10, 2140.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top