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Energies 2017, 10(12), 2143;

Brexit and Article 50 of the Treaty of the European Union: Implications for UK Energy Policy and Security

School of Energy, Construction and Environment, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK
Department of Energy and Procurement, GSM London, Plymouth University, London SE1 4LG, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 October 2017 / Revised: 27 November 2017 / Accepted: 11 December 2017 / Published: 15 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Market Transitions)
Full-Text   |   PDF [224 KB, uploaded 15 December 2017]


This paper articulates the potential implications of Brexit on energy policy and security in the United Kingdom (UK). Given the uncertainties associated with the decision to leave the European Union (EU), the need to consider its potential effects on the UK’s energy sector becomes even more pertinent. Through the lens of a few widely reviewed trade regimes in the light of Brexit, it can be observed that while UK energy policies are unlikely to change drastically, Brexit nevertheless threatens the UK’s capacity to safeguard its energy supply. The uncertainties following Brexit could arguably starve the UK’s upstream petroleum, electricity, and renewable energy sectors of their required investments. Both short and long-term impacts could result in UK residents paying more per unit of energy consumed in a “hard Brexit” scenario, where the UK exits the Internal Energy Market (IEM) and must trade with the EU under World Trade Organisation rules. While a hard Brexit could aid the growth of the nascent shale gas industry, a negotiated withdrawal that includes some form of access to the IEM (a “soft Brexit”) would be more beneficial for the future of energy security in the UK. View Full-Text
Keywords: BREXIT; UK; energy policy; European Union BREXIT; UK; energy policy; European Union
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Ifelebuegu, A.O.; Aidelojie, K.E.; Acquah-Andoh, E. Brexit and Article 50 of the Treaty of the European Union: Implications for UK Energy Policy and Security. Energies 2017, 10, 2143.

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