Next Article in Journal
A Three-Phase Four-Leg Inverter-Based Active Power Filter for Unbalanced Current Compensation Using a Petri Probabilistic Fuzzy Neural Network
Previous Article in Journal
Large Signal Stabilization of Hybrid AC/DC Micro-Grids Using Nonlinear Robust Controller
Article Menu
Issue 12 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Energies 2017, 10(12), 1992; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10121992

Testing for Environmental Kuznets Curve in the EU Agricultural Sector through an Eco-(in)Efficiency Index

1
Department of Agriculture Crop Production and Rural Environment, University of Thessaly, Fytoko, 38446 Volos, Greece
2
Department of Planning and Regional Development, University of Thessaly, Pedion Areos, 38334 Volos, Greece
3
Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, University of Florida, 401 Weil Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611-6595, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 October 2017 / Revised: 27 October 2017 / Accepted: 26 November 2017 / Published: 1 December 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [1362 KB, uploaded 1 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

Studies on agricultural production practices advance within international literature and new methods are proposed in order to assess the agricultural sustainability, either at farm or macro level. The present paper builds on these advancements and develops a synthetic Eco-(in)efficiency index by employing a directional distance function—data envelopment analysis (DEA) model. This index is used in order to assess the sustainability of the EU agricultural sector for the period 1999–2012 on a country level. Furthermore, Eco-(in)efficiency, together with the energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are regressed on the gross domestic product (GDP) of EU countries, in order to check for any environmental Kuznets curve relationship existence. Results signify that efficiency improvements are possible, both towards output development and GHG emissions reduction. In addition, the potential of each country in adopting more sustainable production practices is not totally connected with its economic development, as Eco-(in)efficiency and GDP levels of EU countries seem to be linked with an N-Shaped curve. View Full-Text
Keywords: Kuznets curve; sustainability; agriculture; data envelopment analysis; energy; emissions Kuznets curve; sustainability; agriculture; data envelopment analysis; energy; emissions
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Vlontzos, G.; Niavis, S.; Pardalos, P. Testing for Environmental Kuznets Curve in the EU Agricultural Sector through an Eco-(in)Efficiency Index. Energies 2017, 10, 1992.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top