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Energies 2017, 10(10), 1651; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10101651

A Novel Supervisory Control Algorithm to Improve the Performance of a Real-Time PV Power-Hardware-In-Loop Simulator with Non-RTDS

System Convergence Laboratory, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Jeju 63357, Korea
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Academic Editor: Tom Gregorkiewicz
Received: 16 September 2017 / Revised: 15 October 2017 / Accepted: 17 October 2017 / Published: 19 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Storage and Application)
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Abstract

A programmable direct current (DC) power supply with Real-time Digital Simulator (RTDS)-based photovoltaic (PV) Power Hardware-In-the-Loop (PHIL) simulators has been used to improve the control algorithm and reliability of a PV inverter. This paper proposes a supervisory control algorithm for a PV PHIL simulator with a non-RTDS device that is an alternative solution to a high-cost PHIL simulator. However, when such a simulator with the conventional algorithm which is used in an RTDS is connected to a PV inverter, the output is in the transient state and it makes it impossible to evaluate the performance of the PV inverter. Therefore, the proposed algorithm controls the voltage and current target values according to constant voltage (CV) and constant current (CC) modes to overcome the limitation of the Computing Unit and DC power supply, and it also uses a multi-rate system to account for the characteristics of each component of the simulator. A mathematical model of a PV system, programmable DC power supply, isolated DC measurement device, and Computing Unit are integrated to form a real-time processing simulator. Performance tests are carried out with a commercial PV inverter and prove the superiority of this proposed algorithm against the conventional algorithm. View Full-Text
Keywords: photovoltaic; power-hardware-in-loop-simulator; supervisory control algorithm; real-time processing photovoltaic; power-hardware-in-loop-simulator; supervisory control algorithm; real-time processing
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Kim, D.-J.; Kim, B.; Ko, H.-S.; Jang, M.-S.; Ryu, K.-S. A Novel Supervisory Control Algorithm to Improve the Performance of a Real-Time PV Power-Hardware-In-Loop Simulator with Non-RTDS. Energies 2017, 10, 1651.

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