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Energies 2017, 10(10), 1621; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10101621

Energy and Microclimate Simulation in a Heritage Building: Further Studies on the Malatestiana Library

1
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Bologna, Viale del Risorgimento 2, 40129 Bologna, Italy
2
Department of Architecture, University of Bologna, Viale Europa 596, 47521 Cesena, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 September 2017 / Revised: 22 September 2017 / Accepted: 6 October 2017 / Published: 16 October 2017
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Abstract

Historical and heritage (especially UNESCO) buildings need a specific, peculiar approach regarding energy performance, energy behavior, and indoor microclimate. Comparing a new building with a historical (UNESCO) building, it is evident that the degrees of freedom for implementing energy efficiency in historical buildings are strongly limited. Several constraints about the materials, the geometry, and the structures do not allow a comprehensive enhancement of energy performance or microclimate parameters. In this paper, we describe an energy building performance criterion adopted in order to find out the energy behavior in the Malatestiana Library. The challenge consists of optimizing energy efficiency and microclimate as well as a full preservation of ancient manuscripts. The study adopts Google Sketchup software to model three-dimensional (3D) buildings, and IESVE software to simulate an indoor microclimate. Software building models allow for the evaluation of different types of natural ventilation and section forms, e.g., original, without attic, and without ground floor. The results of the software modeling allow for a comparison of several building use modality effects and the effect of the presence of an attic and ground floor on indoor microclimate parameters in order to conserve and preserve ancient manuscripts. View Full-Text
Keywords: building simulation; heritage building; indoor microclimate; Malatestiana Library building simulation; heritage building; indoor microclimate; Malatestiana Library
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Tronchin, L.; Fabbri, K. Energy and Microclimate Simulation in a Heritage Building: Further Studies on the Malatestiana Library. Energies 2017, 10, 1621.

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