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Open AccessArticle

Development of a Numerical Approach to Simulate Compressed Air Energy Storage Subjected to Cyclic Internal Pressure

High Speed Railroad Systems Research Center, Korea Railroad Research Institute, 176, Cheoldo bangmulgwan-ro, Uiwang-si, Gyeonggi-do 437-757, Korea
Energies 2017, 10(10), 1620; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10101620
Received: 14 August 2017 / Revised: 12 October 2017 / Accepted: 12 October 2017 / Published: 16 October 2017
This paper analyzes the long-term response of unlined energy storage located at shallow depth to improve the distance between a wind farm and storage. The numerical approach follows the hybrid scheme that combined a mechanical constitutive model to extract stress and strains at the first cycle and polynomial-type strain accumulation functions to track the progressive plastic deformation. In particular, the strain function includes the fundamental features that requires simulating the long-term response of geomaterials: volumetric strain (terminal void ratio) and shear strain (shakedown and ratcheting), the strain accumulation rate, and stress obliquity. The model is tested with a triaxial strain boundary condition under different stress obliquities. The unlined storage subjected to cyclic internal stress is simulated with different storage geometries and stress amplitudes that play a crucial role in estimating the long-term mechanical stability of underground storage. The simulations present the evolution of ground surface, yet their incremental rate approaches towards a terminal void ratio. With regular and smooth displacement fields for the large number of cycles, the inflection point is estimated with the previous surface settlement model. View Full-Text
Keywords: long-term response of unlined energy storage; cyclic internal stress; internal stress module; terminal void ratio; settlement; inflection point long-term response of unlined energy storage; cyclic internal stress; internal stress module; terminal void ratio; settlement; inflection point
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Chong, S.-H. Development of a Numerical Approach to Simulate Compressed Air Energy Storage Subjected to Cyclic Internal Pressure. Energies 2017, 10, 1620.

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