Sensitivity Analysis to Control the Far-Wake Unsteadiness Behind Turbines
AbstractWe explore the stability of wakes arising from 2D flow actuators based on linear momentum actuator disc theory. We use stability and sensitivity analysis (using adjoints) to show that the wake stability is controlled by the Reynolds number and the thrust force (or flow resistance) applied through the turbine. First, we report that decreasing the thrust force has a comparable stabilising effect to a decrease in Reynolds numbers (based on the turbine diameter). Second, a discrete sensitivity analysis identifies two regions for suitable placement of flow control forcing, one close to the turbines and one far downstream. Third, we show that adding a localised control force, in the regions identified by the sensitivity analysis, stabilises the wake. Particularly, locating the control forcing close to the turbines results in an enhanced stabilisation such that the wake remains steady for significantly higher Reynolds numbers or turbine thrusts. The analysis of the controlled flow fields confirms that modifying the velocity gradient close to the turbine is more efficient to stabilise the wake than controlling the wake far downstream. The analysis is performed for the first flow bifurcation (at low Reynolds numbers) which serves as a foundation of the stabilization technique but the control strategy is tested at higher Reynolds numbers in the final section of the paper, showing enhanced stability for a turbulent flow case. View Full-Text
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Ferrer, E.; Browne, O.M.; Valero, E. Sensitivity Analysis to Control the Far-Wake Unsteadiness Behind Turbines. Energies 2017, 10, 1599.
Ferrer E, Browne OM, Valero E. Sensitivity Analysis to Control the Far-Wake Unsteadiness Behind Turbines. Energies. 2017; 10(10):1599.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ferrer, Esteban; Browne, Oliver M.; Valero, Eusebio. 2017. "Sensitivity Analysis to Control the Far-Wake Unsteadiness Behind Turbines." Energies 10, no. 10: 1599.
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