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Energies 2017, 10(10), 1571; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10101571

Position and Speed Estimation of Permanent Magnet Machine Sensorless Drive at High Speed Using an Improved Phase-Locked Loop

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
2
Department of Automatic Control Engineering, Feng Chia University, No. 100 Wenhwa Road, Taichung 40724, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 September 2017 / Revised: 26 September 2017 / Accepted: 27 September 2017 / Published: 11 October 2017
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Abstract

In conventional position sensorless permanent magnet (PM) machine drives, the rotor position is obtained from the phase-locked loop (PLL) with the regulation of spatial signal in estimated back electromotive force (EMF) voltages. Due to the sinusoidal distribution of back-EMF voltages, a small-signal approximation is assumed in the PLL in order to estimate the position. That is, the estimated position is almost equal to the actual position per sample instant. However, at high speed when the ratio of sampling frequency, fsample, over the rotor operating frequency, fe, is low, this approximation might not be valid during the speed and load transient. To overcome this limitation, a position estimation is proposed specifically for the high-speed operation of a PM machine drive. A discrete-time EMF voltage estimator is developed to obtain the machine spatial signal. In addition, an arctangent calculation is cascaded to the PLL in order to remove this small-signal approximation for better sensorless drive performance. By using the discrete-time EMF estimation and modified PLL, the drive is able to maintain the speed closed-loop at 36 krpm with only 4.2 sampling points per electrical cycle on a PM machine, according to experimental results. View Full-Text
Keywords: motor drives; position sensorless drive; back EMF estimation motor drives; position sensorless drive; back EMF estimation
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Chen, G.-R.; Yang, S.-C.; Hsu, Y.-L.; Li, K. Position and Speed Estimation of Permanent Magnet Machine Sensorless Drive at High Speed Using an Improved Phase-Locked Loop. Energies 2017, 10, 1571.

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