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Concept Paper

Sex, Gender and Health: Mapping the Landscape of Research and Policy

1
Centre of Excellence for Women’s Health, Vancouver, BC V6H 3N1, Canada
2
School of Population and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada
3
Department of Pathology & Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(5), 2563; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052563
Received: 31 December 2021 / Revised: 16 February 2022 / Accepted: 17 February 2022 / Published: 23 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sex, Gender, and Health)
Including sex and gender considerations in health research is considered essential by many funders and is very useful for policy makers, program developers, clinicians, consumers and other end users. While longstanding confusions and conflations of terminology in the sex and gender field are well documented, newer conceptual confusions and conflations continue to emerge. Contemporary social demands for improved health and equity, as well as increased interest in precision healthcare and medicine, have made obvious the need for sex and gender science, sex and gender-based analyses (SGBA+), considerations of intersectionality, and equity, diversity and inclusion initiatives (EDI) to broaden representation among participants and diversify research agendas. But without a shared and precise understanding of these conceptual areas, fields of study, and approaches and their inter-relationships, more conflation and confusion can occur. This article sets out these areas and argues for more precise operationalization of sex- and gender-related factors in health research and policy initiatives in order to advance these varied agendas in mutually supportive ways. View Full-Text
Keywords: sex; gender; health; sex differences; sex and gender science; equity; gender transformative; equity, diversity & inclusion (EDI); intersectionality sex; gender; health; sex differences; sex and gender science; equity; gender transformative; equity, diversity & inclusion (EDI); intersectionality
MDPI and ACS Style

Greaves, L.; Ritz, S.A. Sex, Gender and Health: Mapping the Landscape of Research and Policy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 2563. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052563

AMA Style

Greaves L, Ritz SA. Sex, Gender and Health: Mapping the Landscape of Research and Policy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(5):2563. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052563

Chicago/Turabian Style

Greaves, Lorraine, and Stacey A. Ritz. 2022. "Sex, Gender and Health: Mapping the Landscape of Research and Policy" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 5: 2563. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19052563

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