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Article

Child-, Family-, and Community-Level Facilitators for Promoting Oral Health Practices among Indigenous Children

1
Australian Research Centre for Population Oral Health, Adelaide Dental School, University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5000, Australia
2
School of Public Health and the Robinson Research Institute, University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5000, Australia
3
School of Health and Society, University of Wollongong, Wollongong 2522, Australia
4
Future of Employment and Skills Research Centre, School of Economic and Public Policy, Faculty of the Professions, University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5000, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sherry Shiqian Gao and Chun Hung Chu
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(3), 1150; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031150
Received: 21 December 2021 / Revised: 17 January 2022 / Accepted: 18 January 2022 / Published: 20 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Health and Care in Children)
Despite the preventive nature of oral diseases and their significance for general wellbeing, poor oral health is highly prevalent and has unfavourable ramifications for children around the world. Indigenous children in Australia experience disproportionate rates of early childhood caries compared to their non-Indigenous counterparts. Therefore, this paper aims to collate parental experiences and generate an understanding of facilitators for Indigenous childhood oral health. This project aggregated stories from parents of Indigenous children across South Australia who were participants in an early childhood caries-prevention trial. This paper explores facilitators for establishing oral health and nutrition behaviours for Indigenous children under the age of three through reflexive thematic analysis. Fisher-Owens’ conceptual model for influences on children’s oral health is utilised as a framework for thematic findings. Child-level facilitators include oral hygiene routines and regular water consumption. Family-level facilitators include familial ties, importance of knowledge, and positive oral health beliefs. Community-level facilitators include generational teaching, helpful community resources, and holistic health care. Recommendations from findings include the following: exploration of Indigenous health workers and elder participation in oral health initiatives; inclusion of Indigenous community representatives in mainstream oral health discussions; and incorporation of child-level, family-level, and community-level facilitators to increase support for efficacious oral health programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: Indigenous peoples; oral health; dental caries; public health dentistry; motivational interviewing Indigenous peoples; oral health; dental caries; public health dentistry; motivational interviewing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Poirier, B.F.; Hedges, J.; Smithers, L.G.; Moskos, M.; Jamieson, L.M. Child-, Family-, and Community-Level Facilitators for Promoting Oral Health Practices among Indigenous Children. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 1150. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031150

AMA Style

Poirier BF, Hedges J, Smithers LG, Moskos M, Jamieson LM. Child-, Family-, and Community-Level Facilitators for Promoting Oral Health Practices among Indigenous Children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(3):1150. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031150

Chicago/Turabian Style

Poirier, Brianna F., Joanne Hedges, Lisa G. Smithers, Megan Moskos, and Lisa M. Jamieson. 2022. "Child-, Family-, and Community-Level Facilitators for Promoting Oral Health Practices among Indigenous Children" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 3: 1150. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031150

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