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Responsiveness and Adaptability of Healthcare Facilities in Emergency Scenarios: COVID-19 Experience

Faculty of Architecture, Krakow University of Technology, 31-155 Krakow, Poland
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Academic Editor: Koichi Tanigawa
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(2), 675; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020675
Received: 30 November 2021 / Revised: 30 December 2021 / Accepted: 4 January 2022 / Published: 7 January 2022
The COVID-19 pandemic revealed many vulnerabilities of the contemporary built environment along with limited preparedness and low efficiency in mitigating unexpected and unprecedented challenges. This article discusses the efficiency and responsiveness of basic hospital spatial layouts in three different scenarios: normal operation; the segregation of a large number of patients and still providing them with access to emergency healthcare, typical for a pandemic; and a sudden, extremely high number of admissions typical for compound disasters and terrorist attacks. A set of parameters and a method for general adaptability assessment (GAAT) that can be used as a tool in decision-making processes as well as evaluation of both existing facilities and the new models for resilient hospitals resulting from the experience of the pandemic are proposed. The paper emphasizes why factors among which adaptability, convertibility, and scalability should be at the very core of hospital development and management strategies. It also discusses new models of adaptable healthcare facilities that enable day-to-day operations to continue alongside a pandemic, and other emergency scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: public health; healthcare facilities; hospitals; post-2020 hospital design; strategic decision making; risk management; disaster response public health; healthcare facilities; hospitals; post-2020 hospital design; strategic decision making; risk management; disaster response
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MDPI and ACS Style

Łukasik, M.; Porębska, A. Responsiveness and Adaptability of Healthcare Facilities in Emergency Scenarios: COVID-19 Experience. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 675. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020675

AMA Style

Łukasik M, Porębska A. Responsiveness and Adaptability of Healthcare Facilities in Emergency Scenarios: COVID-19 Experience. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(2):675. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020675

Chicago/Turabian Style

Łukasik, Marta, and Anna Porębska. 2022. "Responsiveness and Adaptability of Healthcare Facilities in Emergency Scenarios: COVID-19 Experience" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 2: 675. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020675

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