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Article

Relationship between Pain, Fear of Falling and Physical Performance in Older People Residents in Long-Stay Institutions: A Cross-Sectional Study

Physiotherapy Department, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Natal 59078-970, Brazil
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Edgar Ramos Vieira
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(19), 12014; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912014
Received: 30 August 2022 / Revised: 15 September 2022 / Accepted: 19 September 2022 / Published: 22 September 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Therapy in Geriatrics)
Introduction: To analyze the relationship between pain, the fear of falling and functional performance in older people living in a long-stay institution (LSI) in the interior of northeastern Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 133 older residents in an LSI in the State of Paraíba. The instruments used for data collection were the Geriatric Pain Measure (GPM), the Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) and the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Results: Pain was reported by 57.5% of those evaluated, 48% being classified as chronic pain and presenting an average of 25.2 in the GPM. As for physical performance, assessed using the SPPB, the 133 older residents showed moderate to poor performance, with an average of 6.43 (±2.96) on the scale. By correlating the adjusted GPM values with the FES-I, a weak and statistically significant positive correlation was obtained (ρ = 0.31: p < 0.001). Conclusions: It can be concluded that those who reported pain had a worse performance in the applied tests, in addition to having higher scores on the scale referring to a fear of falling. View Full-Text
Keywords: aging; aged; pain; functional performance; accidents due to falls; institutionalized older people aging; aged; pain; functional performance; accidents due to falls; institutionalized older people
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fernandes, S.G.; Sales, W.B.; Tavares, D.V.; Pereira, D.d.S.; Nóbrega, P.V.d.N.; Holanda, C.M.d.A.; Maciel, A.C.C. Relationship between Pain, Fear of Falling and Physical Performance in Older People Residents in Long-Stay Institutions: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 12014. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912014

AMA Style

Fernandes SG, Sales WB, Tavares DV, Pereira DdS, Nóbrega PVdN, Holanda CMdA, Maciel ACC. Relationship between Pain, Fear of Falling and Physical Performance in Older People Residents in Long-Stay Institutions: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(19):12014. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912014

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fernandes, Sabrina Gomes, Weslley Barbosa Sales, Diego Villar Tavares, Dayanna da Silva Pereira, Patrícia Vidal de Negreiros Nóbrega, Cristina Marques de Almeida Holanda, and Alvaro Campos Cavalcanti Maciel. 2022. "Relationship between Pain, Fear of Falling and Physical Performance in Older People Residents in Long-Stay Institutions: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 19: 12014. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191912014

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