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Transformational Leadership and Psychological Well-Being of Service-Oriented Staff: Hybrid Data Synthesis Technique

1
Department of Sport Marketing, Keimyung University, Daegu 42601, Korea
2
Department of Physical Education, Keimyung University, Daegu 42601, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robbert Huijsman
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(13), 8189; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138189
Received: 17 June 2022 / Revised: 28 June 2022 / Accepted: 2 July 2022 / Published: 4 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Working Conditions and Wellbeing)
Leaders play a significant role in organizations and their leadership behaviors can either enhance or undermine the well-being of their employees. This study aimed to meta-analyze the relationship between transformational leadership and well-being in the service industry, and how employees’ gender and service sector moderated the strength of this relationship. This study used a convergent mixed-method approach. PubMed, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, AMED, and Scopus electronic databases were utilized to search for relevant studies. Textual data were analyzed using a text data-mining technique (Leximancer) to determine the relevant themes and concepts. Statistical data were examined through a comprehensive meta-analysis to determine their effect sizes. The qualitative results outline the major themes that emerged: leadership, well-being, and health. The quantitative findings revealed that the perceived well-being of male employees and those working outside of the health-care service sector was positively higher when employees’ leaders showed transformational leadership. In general, the findings from the qualitative and quantitative data converge. The findings confirm the positive relationship between transformational leadership and employee well-being. This study also highlights the applicability of a convergent mixed-method approach as a useful methodological strategy when analyzing both lexical and statistical data. View Full-Text
Keywords: transformational leadership; mixed-method research; service industry employees; nurse; Leximancer; systematic meta-analysis; psychological health transformational leadership; mixed-method research; service industry employees; nurse; Leximancer; systematic meta-analysis; psychological health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, H.-D.; Cruz, A.B. Transformational Leadership and Psychological Well-Being of Service-Oriented Staff: Hybrid Data Synthesis Technique. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 8189. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138189

AMA Style

Kim H-D, Cruz AB. Transformational Leadership and Psychological Well-Being of Service-Oriented Staff: Hybrid Data Synthesis Technique. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13):8189. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138189

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Hyun-Duck, and Angelita Bautista Cruz. 2022. "Transformational Leadership and Psychological Well-Being of Service-Oriented Staff: Hybrid Data Synthesis Technique" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 13: 8189. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19138189

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