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Article

Anti-Müllerian Hormone Levels among Female Firefighters

1
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA
2
Center for Fire, Rescue & EMS Health Research, NDRI-USA, Inc., Leawood, KS 66224, USA
3
Department of Community, Environment & Policy, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA
4
Cancer Prevention and Control Program, University of Arizona Cancer Center, Tucson, AZ 85719, USA
5
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine-Tucson, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(10), 5981; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19105981
Received: 4 March 2022 / Revised: 11 May 2022 / Accepted: 12 May 2022 / Published: 14 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
Female firefighters have occupational exposures which may negatively impact their reproductive health. Anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) is a clinical marker of ovarian reserve. We investigated whether AMH levels differed in female firefighters compared to non-firefighters and whether there was a dose-dependent relationship between years of firefighting and AMH levels. Female firefighters from a pre-existing cohort completed a cross-sectional survey regarding their occupational and health history and were asked to recruit a non-firefighter friend or relative. All participants provided a dried blood spot (DBS) for AMH analysis. Linear regression was used to assess the relationship between firefighting status and AMH levels. Among firefighters, the influence of firefighting-related exposures was evaluated. Firefighters (n = 106) and non-firefighters (n = 58) had similar age and BMI. Firefighters had a lower mean AMH compared to non-firefighters (2.93 ng/mL vs. 4.37 ng/mL). In multivariable adjusted models, firefighters had a 33% lower AMH value than non-firefighters (−33.38%∆ (95% CI: −54.97, −1.43)). Years of firefighting was not associated with a decrease in AMH. Firefighters in this study had lower AMH levels than non-firefighters. More research is needed to understand the mechanisms by which firefighting could reduce AMH and affect fertility. View Full-Text
Keywords: anti-müllerian hormone; firefighter health; occupational exposures; reproductive health anti-müllerian hormone; firefighter health; occupational exposures; reproductive health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Davidson, S.; Jahnke, S.; Jung, A.M.; Burgess, J.L.; Jacobs, E.T.; Billheimer, D.; Farland, L.V. Anti-Müllerian Hormone Levels among Female Firefighters. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 5981. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19105981

AMA Style

Davidson S, Jahnke S, Jung AM, Burgess JL, Jacobs ET, Billheimer D, Farland LV. Anti-Müllerian Hormone Levels among Female Firefighters. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(10):5981. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19105981

Chicago/Turabian Style

Davidson, Samantha, Sara Jahnke, Alesia M. Jung, Jefferey L. Burgess, Elizabeth T. Jacobs, Dean Billheimer, and Leslie V. Farland. 2022. "Anti-Müllerian Hormone Levels among Female Firefighters" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 10: 5981. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19105981

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