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Article

A Heat Vulnerability Index: Spatial Patterns of Exposure, Sensitivity and Adaptive Capacity for Urbanites of Four Cities of India

1
Department of Research, MAMTA Health Institute for Mother and Child, New Delhi 110048, India
2
Indian Institute of Public Health, Public Health Foundation of India, Bhubaneswar 751013, India
3
Centre for Health Care Management, Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad 500082, India
4
Department of Multisectoral Planning, Public Health Foundation of India, Gurugram 122002, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jacques Oosthuizen, Neil J. Hime, Peng Bi and Andrew Mathieson
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(1), 283; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010283
Received: 23 September 2021 / Revised: 22 November 2021 / Accepted: 26 November 2021 / Published: 28 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Driven Health Impacts)
Extreme heat and heat waves have been established as disasters which can lead to a great loss of life. Several studies over the years, both within and outside of India, have shown how extreme heat events lead to an overall increase in mortality. However, the impact of extreme heat, similar to other disasters, depends upon the vulnerability of the population. This study aims to assess the extreme heat vulnerability of the population of four cities with different characteristics across India. This cross-sectional study included 500 households from each city across the urban localities (both slum and non-slum) of Ongole in Andhra Pradesh, Karimnagar in Telangana, Kolkata in West Bengal and Angul in Odisha. Twenty-one indicators were used to construct a household vulnerability index to understand the vulnerability of the cities. The results have shown that the majority of the households fell under moderate to high vulnerability level across all the cities. Angul and Kolkata were found to be more highly vulnerable as compared to Ongole and Karimnagar. Further analysis also revealed that household vulnerability is more significantly related to adaptive capacity than sensitivity and exposure. Heat Vulnerability Index can help in identifying the vulnerable population and scaling up adaptive practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: heat vulnerability index; exposure; sensitivity; adaptive capacity heat vulnerability index; exposure; sensitivity; adaptive capacity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rathi, S.K.; Chakraborty, S.; Mishra, S.K.; Dutta, A.; Nanda, L. A Heat Vulnerability Index: Spatial Patterns of Exposure, Sensitivity and Adaptive Capacity for Urbanites of Four Cities of India. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 283. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010283

AMA Style

Rathi SK, Chakraborty S, Mishra SK, Dutta A, Nanda L. A Heat Vulnerability Index: Spatial Patterns of Exposure, Sensitivity and Adaptive Capacity for Urbanites of Four Cities of India. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(1):283. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010283

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rathi, Suresh Kumar, Soham Chakraborty, Saswat Kishore Mishra, Ambarish Dutta, and Lipika Nanda. 2022. "A Heat Vulnerability Index: Spatial Patterns of Exposure, Sensitivity and Adaptive Capacity for Urbanites of Four Cities of India" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 1: 283. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010283

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