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Systematic Review

Physical Activity and Physical Fitness among University Students—A Systematic Review

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Secondary Vocational School, Bijelo Polje 84000, Montenegro
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Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Niš, 18000 Nis, Serbia
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Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, 10110 Zagreb, Croatia
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Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: José Pedro Leitão Ferreira and Hugo Miguel Borges Sarmento
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(1), 158; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010158
Received: 19 November 2021 / Revised: 18 December 2021 / Accepted: 22 December 2021 / Published: 24 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity, Health and Well-Being Review)
The aim of this systematic review was to examine the scientific evidence regarding physical activity and physical fitness among university students. The search and analysis of the studies were done in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. An electronic databases search (Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, and Scopus) yielded 11,839 studies. Subsequently, the identified studies had to be published in English between 2011 and 2021, the experimental study had to have included males and females attending a faculty, and the participants had to have been evaluated for physical activity and fitness. A total of 21 studies were included in the quantitative synthesis, with a total of 7306 participants, both male and female. After analyzing the obtained results, it could be concluded that university students show a satisfactory level of physical activity and physical fitness. However, the results vary due to different factors involved, mostly related to the cultural differences and educational systems in different countries. As this study observes mediocre results of physical activity and physical fitness among university students, it is crucial to get their attention and awareness, to at least maintain a satisfactory level of physical activity and physical fitness. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; students; assessment; physical fitness; physical activity exercise; students; assessment; physical fitness; physical activity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kljajević, V.; Stanković, M.; Đorđević, D.; Trkulja-Petković, D.; Jovanović, R.; Plazibat, K.; Oršolić, M.; Čurić, M.; Sporiš, G. Physical Activity and Physical Fitness among University Students—A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 158. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010158

AMA Style

Kljajević V, Stanković M, Đorđević D, Trkulja-Petković D, Jovanović R, Plazibat K, Oršolić M, Čurić M, Sporiš G. Physical Activity and Physical Fitness among University Students—A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(1):158. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010158

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kljajević, Vidran, Mima Stanković, Dušan Đorđević, Drena Trkulja-Petković, Rade Jovanović, Kristian Plazibat, Mario Oršolić, Mijo Čurić, and Goran Sporiš. 2022. "Physical Activity and Physical Fitness among University Students—A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 1: 158. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010158

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