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Open AccessArticle

Social Anxiety, Cannabis Use Motives, and Social Context’s Impact on Willingness to Use Cannabis

1
Department of Psychology, Reed College, Portland, OR 97202, USA
2
School of Medicine and Public Health, College of Health, Medicine and Wellbeing, University of Newcastle, Callaghan 2308, Australia
3
Department of Psychology, Washington State University Vancouver, Vancouver, WA 98642, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4882; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094882
Received: 12 March 2021 / Revised: 30 April 2021 / Accepted: 2 May 2021 / Published: 4 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adolescent Substance Use and Related Harms)
Social anxiety is often purported to be a risk factor for increased cannabis use. Cannabis use motives are strong explanatory predictors of cannabis use embedded within social contexts. This investigation explored the impact of social anxiety, cannabis motives, and their interaction on willingness to use cannabis in a community sample of emerging adults. Social anxiety was anticipated to positively correlate with coping and conformity motives and greater willingness to use cannabis in peer social contexts. Motives to use were hypothesized to potentiate social anxiety’s influence on cannabis use decision-making. In total, 124 participants completed an audio simulation of social cannabis use contexts (Can-SIDE) and standard measures of social anxiety (SIAS) and use motives (MMM). Contrary to expectations, social anxiety exerted a protective effect on willingness to use cannabis, but only when conformity, social, and expansion motives were at or below average. These effects varied by social contexts of use. Social anxiety leading to increased cannabis use may be most apparent in clinical samples and in high-risk cannabis users, but this pattern was not supported in this sample of community living emerging adults below clinical cutoffs for cannabis use disorder with relatively high social anxiety. View Full-Text
Keywords: cannabis; social anxiety; use motives; social contexts; emerging adults cannabis; social anxiety; use motives; social contexts; emerging adults
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MDPI and ACS Style

Garrison, E.; Gilligan, C.; Ladd, B.O.; Anderson, K.G. Social Anxiety, Cannabis Use Motives, and Social Context’s Impact on Willingness to Use Cannabis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4882. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094882

AMA Style

Garrison E, Gilligan C, Ladd BO, Anderson KG. Social Anxiety, Cannabis Use Motives, and Social Context’s Impact on Willingness to Use Cannabis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4882. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094882

Chicago/Turabian Style

Garrison, Elise; Gilligan, Conor; Ladd, Benjamin O.; Anderson, Kristen G. 2021. "Social Anxiety, Cannabis Use Motives, and Social Context’s Impact on Willingness to Use Cannabis" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 9: 4882. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094882

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