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Open AccessArticle

The Relationship between Motivation and Burnout in Athletes and the Mediating Role of Engagement

1
Department of Social Psychology, Basic and Methodology, University of Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
2
Department of Social Psychology, University of Sevilla, 41018 Sevilla, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Octavio Alvarez, Isabel Castillo, Pedro Saenz-Lopez Buñuel and Inés Tomás
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(9), 4884; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094884
Received: 28 March 2021 / Revised: 23 April 2021 / Accepted: 28 April 2021 / Published: 4 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Trends in Psychosocial Dimensions of Physical Activity)
The purpose of our research was to analyze the relationship among motivation, burnout, and engagement in sports. Five hundred athletes of both sexes from multiple sports modalities took part, with a mean age of 17.39 years (SD = 4.60). The instruments applied were as follows: Spanish versions of the Sport Motivation Scale (SMS), the Athlete Engagement Questionnaire (AEQ) and the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (ABQ). Pearson correlations showed that motivation is negatively related to burnout and positively to engagement, while burnout and engagement are inversely related to each other. Through structural equation modeling, it was shown that engagement has a mediating role between motivation and burnout. Furthermore, there are no gender differences in this relationship, although there are differences between athletes who practice individual sports and those who practice collective sports. Encouraging high levels of self-determined motivation can help to increase athletes’ degree of engagement and protect them against burnout and sport withdrawal. View Full-Text
Keywords: motivation; burnout; engagement; athletes motivation; burnout; engagement; athletes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Graña, M.; De Francisco, C.; Arce, C. The Relationship between Motivation and Burnout in Athletes and the Mediating Role of Engagement. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4884. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094884

AMA Style

Graña M, De Francisco C, Arce C. The Relationship between Motivation and Burnout in Athletes and the Mediating Role of Engagement. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(9):4884. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094884

Chicago/Turabian Style

Graña, Mar; De Francisco, Cristina; Arce, Constantino. 2021. "The Relationship between Motivation and Burnout in Athletes and the Mediating Role of Engagement" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 9: 4884. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18094884

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