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Article

The Factors Affecting Volunteers’ Willingness to Participate in Disaster Preparedness

1
Beijing Research Center of Urban Systems Engineering, Beijing 100035, China
2
School of Social Development and Public Policy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
3
Department of Research Project, Beijing Vocational College of Labor and Social Security, Beijing 100029, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Yuxiang Hong, Ziqiang Han, Jong-Suk Kim and Joo-Heon Lee
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4141; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084141
Received: 15 March 2021 / Revised: 12 April 2021 / Accepted: 12 April 2021 / Published: 14 April 2021
Disaster preparedness is crucial for providing an effective response to, and reducing the possible impacts of, disasters. Although volunteers’ participation plays an important role in disaster preparedness, their actual participation in disaster preparedness activities is still low. To find ways to encourage more volunteers to participate, this study analyzed the social background and organizational and attitudinal factors affecting the volunteers’ willingness to participate. Questionnaires were distributed to 990 registered disaster volunteers across Beijing and the data were analyzed using linear regression models. Results revealed a weak willingness to participate in disaster preparedness. Only 28.08% of the respondents indicated that they were “very ready” to participate in voluntary disaster preparedness, and 14.65% showed “a little bit” of interest. The following was concluded: (1) Disaster volunteers’ social background variables were related to their willingness to participate in disaster preparedness. Compared to male volunteers, female volunteers were more willing to participate. Chinese Communist Party members were more willing to participate than non-members. (2) Providing accidental life insurance for the volunteers had a positive effect on their willingness to participate in disaster preparedness. Provision of more training had a negative effect on the volunteers’ willingness to participate, indicating a low quality of training. (3) Organizational identification was positively related to the volunteers’ willingness to participate. According to these results, we suggest that volunteer organizations should improve their standards and procedures for disaster volunteer recruitment and selection, and gain a deeper understanding of the needs of the disaster volunteers in order to better motivate them to participate. View Full-Text
Keywords: volunteering; disaster preparedness; accidental life insurance; training; organizational identification volunteering; disaster preparedness; accidental life insurance; training; organizational identification
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, Y.; Zhu, W.; Zhang, H.; Zhao, P.; Wang, Y.; Zhang, Q. The Factors Affecting Volunteers’ Willingness to Participate in Disaster Preparedness. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4141. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084141

AMA Style

Ma Y, Zhu W, Zhang H, Zhao P, Wang Y, Zhang Q. The Factors Affecting Volunteers’ Willingness to Participate in Disaster Preparedness. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4141. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084141

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ma, Yingnan, Wei Zhu, Huan Zhang, Pengxia Zhao, Yafei Wang, and Qiujie Zhang. 2021. "The Factors Affecting Volunteers’ Willingness to Participate in Disaster Preparedness" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 8: 4141. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084141

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