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Vegetarian Diet: An Overview through the Perspective of Quality of Life Domains

1
Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Brasilia (UnB), Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Asa Norte, Brasilia, DF 70910-900, Brazil
2
CBIOS (Research Center for Biosciences and Health Technologies), Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Campo Grande 376, 1749-024 Lisboa, Portugal
3
Department of Animal Pathology and Production, Bromatology and Food Technology, Faculty of Veterinary, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Trasmontaña s/n, 35413 Arucas, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jimmy Efird
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4067; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084067
Received: 25 February 2021 / Revised: 22 March 2021 / Accepted: 8 April 2021 / Published: 12 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment)
Vegetarianism has gained more visibility in recent years. Despite the well-described effects of a vegetarian diet on health, its influence on the quality of life of the individuals who follow it still needs to be properly investigated. Quality of life relates to a subjective perception of well-being and functionality, and encompasses four main life domains: physical, psychological, social, and environmental. The adoption of a vegetarian diet, despite being a dietary pattern, could potentially influence and be influenced by all of these domains, either positively or negatively. This review aims to present an overview of the background, conceptualization, features, and potential effects of vegetarianism in all quality of life domains. The choice of adopting a vegetarian diet could have positive outcomes, such as better physical health, positive feelings related to the adoption of a morally correct attitude, an increased sense of belonging (to a vegetarian community), and lower environmental impact. Other factors, however, could have a negative impact on the quality of life of those choosing to abstain from meats or other animal products, especially when they go beyond one’s control. These include the environment, the social/cultural group in which a person is inserted, gender-based differences, economic aspects, and a limited access to a wide variety of plant-based foods. It is important to understand all the effects of adopting a vegetarian diet—beyond its nutritional aspects. Not only do studies in this area provide more consistent data, but they may also contribute to mitigating all factors that might prevent individuals from adopting a vegetarian diet, or that may have a negative impact on the quality of life of those who already follow it. View Full-Text
Keywords: quality of life; quality of life domains; vegetarian diet; vegetarianism quality of life; quality of life domains; vegetarian diet; vegetarianism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hargreaves, S.M.; Raposo, A.; Saraiva, A.; Zandonadi, R.P. Vegetarian Diet: An Overview through the Perspective of Quality of Life Domains. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4067. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084067

AMA Style

Hargreaves SM, Raposo A, Saraiva A, Zandonadi RP. Vegetarian Diet: An Overview through the Perspective of Quality of Life Domains. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4067. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084067

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hargreaves, Shila M.; Raposo, António; Saraiva, Ariana; Zandonadi, Renata P. 2021. "Vegetarian Diet: An Overview through the Perspective of Quality of Life Domains" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 8: 4067. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084067

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