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Open AccessStudy Protocol

Protocol of the Study on Emergency Health Care Workers’ Responses Evaluated by Karasek Questionnaire: The SEEK-Study Protocol

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Emergency Department, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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LaPSCo, Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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French Armed Forces Biomedical Research Institute, BP73, 91223 Brétigny-sur-Orge, France
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APEMAC/EPSAM, EA 4360, Ile du Saulcy, BP 30309, 57006 Metz, France
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Clinical Research and Innovation Direction, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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Occupational and Environmental Medicine, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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Laboratory of the Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise under Physiological and Pathological Conditions (AME2P), Université Clermont Auvergne, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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Institute for Clinical Exercise & Health Science, University of the West of Scotland, Glasgow G720LH, UK
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Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XQ, UK
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Emergency Department, CHU Nice, 06000 Nice, France
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Emergency Department, Université Côte d’Azur, 06000 Nice, France
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Juan A. Moriano and Ana Laguía
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4068; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084068
Received: 2 March 2021 / Revised: 2 April 2021 / Accepted: 3 April 2021 / Published: 12 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Stress and Health: Psychological Burden and Burnout)
Background: Stress is a significant public health concern that can be self-evaluated using the job control demands model from Karasek. Emergency health care workers are particularly exposed to stress because of the intrinsic characteristics associated with the job (i.e., life-threatening emergencies, overcrowding, lack of bed spaces). However, these attributes have never been studied using the Karasek model. Methods: An observational, prospective, multicentric study in French Emergency Departments will be conducted using a cohort of emergency health care workers. Four questionnaires before a control day and after a nightshift will be assessed every 5 years in the same emergency departments. Also, the Karasek questionnaire, a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory scale, the Hospital Anxiety, Depression Scale, and a food intake questionnaire will be evaluated. Salivary biomarkers (cortisol, immunoglobulin A, lysozyme) will be collected from every emergency health care worker who consents to participating in the study. Conclusion: This study will provide a point of care for the emergency health care workers’ stress situation every 5 years. Ethics: This protocol was registered in Clinical Trials under the identification NCT02401607 after the French Ethics Committee’s approval. View Full-Text
Keywords: Karasek questionnaire; job demand; job strain; shiftwork; nutrition; emergency physician; stress; job control; biomarkers Karasek questionnaire; job demand; job strain; shiftwork; nutrition; emergency physician; stress; job control; biomarkers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bouillon-Minois, J.-B.; Trousselard, M.; Pereira, B.; Schmidt, J.; Clinchamps, M.; Thivel, D.; Ugbolue, U.C.; Moustafa, F.; Occelli, C.; Vallet, G.; Dutheil, F. Protocol of the Study on Emergency Health Care Workers’ Responses Evaluated by Karasek Questionnaire: The SEEK-Study Protocol. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4068. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084068

AMA Style

Bouillon-Minois J-B, Trousselard M, Pereira B, Schmidt J, Clinchamps M, Thivel D, Ugbolue UC, Moustafa F, Occelli C, Vallet G, Dutheil F. Protocol of the Study on Emergency Health Care Workers’ Responses Evaluated by Karasek Questionnaire: The SEEK-Study Protocol. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4068. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084068

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bouillon-Minois, Jean-Baptiste; Trousselard, Marion; Pereira, Bruno; Schmidt, Jeannot; Clinchamps, Maelys; Thivel, David; Ugbolue, Ukadike C.; Moustafa, Farès; Occelli, Céline; Vallet, Guillaume; Dutheil, Frédéric. 2021. "Protocol of the Study on Emergency Health Care Workers’ Responses Evaluated by Karasek Questionnaire: The SEEK-Study Protocol" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 8: 4068. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084068

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