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Article

Physical Comorbidity According to Diagnoses and Sex among Psychiatric Inpatients in South Korea

by 1, 2,* and 3
1
College of Nursing, Kosin University, Busan 49267, Korea
2
College of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea
3
Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju 61452, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jimmy T. Efird
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4187; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084187
Received: 26 February 2021 / Revised: 6 April 2021 / Accepted: 14 April 2021 / Published: 15 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment)
People with mental disorders are susceptible to physical comorbidities. Mind–body interventions are important for improving health outcomes. We examined the prevalence of physical comorbidities and their differences by diagnoses and sex among psychiatric inpatients. The dataset, from National Health Insurance claims data, included 48,902 adult inpatients admitted to psychiatric wards for at least 2 days in 2016 treated for schizophrenia, schizotypal and delusional disorders, or mood disorders. We identified 26 physical comorbidities using the Elixhauser comorbidity measure. Among schizophrenia-related disorders, other neurological disorders were most common, then liver disease and chronic pulmonary disease. Among mood disorders, liver disease was most common, then uncomplicated hypertension and chronic pulmonary disease. Most comorbid physical diseases (except other neurological disorders) were more prevalent in mood disorders than schizophrenia-related disorders. Male and female patients with schizophrenia-related disorders showed similar comorbidity prevalence patterns by sex. Among patients with mood disorders, liver disease was most prevalent in males and third-most in females. In both diagnostic groups, liver disease and uncomplicated diabetes mellitus were more prevalent in males, and hypothyroidism in females. Mental health professionals should refer to a specialist to manage physical diseases via early assessments and optimal interventions for physical comorbidities in psychiatric patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental disorders; sex; physical comorbidity mental disorders; sex; physical comorbidity
MDPI and ACS Style

Park, S.; Kim, G.-U.; Kim, H. Physical Comorbidity According to Diagnoses and Sex among Psychiatric Inpatients in South Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4187. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084187

AMA Style

Park S, Kim G-U, Kim H. Physical Comorbidity According to Diagnoses and Sex among Psychiatric Inpatients in South Korea. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4187. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084187

Chicago/Turabian Style

Park, Suin; Kim, Go-Un; Kim, Hyunlye. 2021. "Physical Comorbidity According to Diagnoses and Sex among Psychiatric Inpatients in South Korea" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 8: 4187. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084187

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