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Article

Associations between Lifestyle Habits, Perceived Symptoms and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Patients Seeking Health Check-Ups

1
Nursing Department, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung 813414, Taiwan
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Department of Healthcare Administration, I-Shou University, Kaohsiung 82445, Taiwan
3
College of Management, Yuan Ze University, Taoyuan 32003, Taiwan
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Health Management Center, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung 813414, Taiwan
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Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung 813414, Taiwan
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Department of Nursing, Meiho University, Pingtung 912009, Taiwan
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Department of Business Management, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 80424, Taiwan
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Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung 813414, Taiwan
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Graduate Institute of Health Care, Meiho University, Pingtung 912009, Taiwan
10
Kaohsiung Municipal United Hospital, Kaohsiung 80457, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jimmy Efird and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3808; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073808
Received: 1 March 2021 / Revised: 2 April 2021 / Accepted: 3 April 2021 / Published: 6 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Public Health Statistics and Risk Assessment)
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most common diseases. It mainly causes the stomach contents to flow back to the esophagus, thereby stimulating the esophagus and causing discomfort. From the results of our research, we intend to provide the general public with information related to preventing gastroesophageal reflux disease and medical personnel with information on the treatment and care of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. This study aimed to investigate the association of lifestyle habits and perceived symptoms on GERD in patients who underwent routine health check-ups. This study was conducted as a retrospective cross-sectional design to collect GERD cases from the medical records containing the health questionnaires and the report of endoscopic findings on the day of the health check-up. A total of 5653 patients were enrolled between 1 January 2016, and 31 December 2018. About 60.2% (n = 3404) of patients with GERD were diagnosed based on endoscopic findings. Descriptive and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the risk factors of the development of GERD. The results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, sex, waist circumference, Areca catechu chewing habit, sleep disorders, otolaryngology symptoms, and hepatobiliary and gastrointestinal symptoms were significantly associated with GERD. In this study, our results can be used as a reference for public health care and clinicians. Because most GERD cases can be controlled and prevented by lifestyle modifications, health professionals should always obtain a detailed history regarding symptoms and lifestyle habits associated with GERD. View Full-Text
Keywords: gastroesophageal reflux disease; lifestyle habits; perceived symptoms gastroesophageal reflux disease; lifestyle habits; perceived symptoms
MDPI and ACS Style

Chang, C.-H.; Chen, T.-H.; Chiang, L.-L.; Hsu, C.-L.; Yu, H.-C.; Mar, G.-Y.; Ma, C.-C. Associations between Lifestyle Habits, Perceived Symptoms and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Patients Seeking Health Check-Ups. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3808. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073808

AMA Style

Chang C-H, Chen T-H, Chiang L-L, Hsu C-L, Yu H-C, Mar G-Y, Ma C-C. Associations between Lifestyle Habits, Perceived Symptoms and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Patients Seeking Health Check-Ups. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3808. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073808

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chang, Chiu-Hua; Chen, Tai-Hsiang; Chiang, Lan-Lung; Hsu, Chiao-Lin; Yu, Hsien-Chung; Mar, Guang-Yuan; Ma, Chen-Chung. 2021. "Associations between Lifestyle Habits, Perceived Symptoms and Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Patients Seeking Health Check-Ups" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 7: 3808. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073808

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