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Open AccessArticle

A Latent Class Analysis of Gender Attitudes and Their Associations with Intimate Partner Violence and Mental Health in the Democratic Republic of Congo

1
School of Nursing, Johns Hopkins University, 525 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
2
Programme d’Appui aux Initiatives de Développement Economique au Kivu (PAIDEK), Bukavu, Democratic Republic of Congo
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Lindsay Stark, Emma Fulu, Ilana Seff and Massy Mutumba
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 4063; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084063
Received: 1 March 2021 / Revised: 5 April 2021 / Accepted: 8 April 2021 / Published: 12 April 2021
Gender role attitudes, views held by individuals regarding the roles men and women should play in society, are a powerful social determinant of health. However, work remains in elucidating the associations between gender attitudes and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration or victimization and mental health problems. We used latent class analysis to classify patterns of responses on survey items on gender attitudes by male and female adults in households that participated in an economic empowerment intervention and evaluation in rural villages in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Attitudes about IPV and gender equality were two subdomains to emerge from analysis and a 3-class model solution was found to best fit response patterns. Results indicated that, as compared to the least gender equitable class, individuals in the moderately gender equitable and fully gender equitable classes had lower odds of having experienced or perpetrated psychological abuse. Individuals within the moderately gender equitable class were at lower odds of having experienced or perpetrated physical or sexual violence. Further, individuals in the moderately gender equitable and fully gender equitable classes had significantly lower mean scores on symptoms associated with PTSD than individuals in the least gender equitable class. Future research should explore the relationships between gender attitudes, partner violence and mental health to build resilient families. View Full-Text
Keywords: gender; intimate partner violence; mental health; Sub-Saharan Africa gender; intimate partner violence; mental health; Sub-Saharan Africa
MDPI and ACS Style

Corley, A.; Glass, N.; Remy, M.M.; Perrin, N. A Latent Class Analysis of Gender Attitudes and Their Associations with Intimate Partner Violence and Mental Health in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 4063. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084063

AMA Style

Corley A, Glass N, Remy MM, Perrin N. A Latent Class Analysis of Gender Attitudes and Their Associations with Intimate Partner Violence and Mental Health in the Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):4063. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084063

Chicago/Turabian Style

Corley, Andrew; Glass, Nancy; Remy, Mitima M.; Perrin, Nancy. 2021. "A Latent Class Analysis of Gender Attitudes and Their Associations with Intimate Partner Violence and Mental Health in the Democratic Republic of Congo" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 8: 4063. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084063

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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