Next Article in Journal
Street Food Stand Availability, Density, and Distribution Across Income Levels in Mexico City
Next Article in Special Issue
Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Indonesian Residents toward COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Survey
Previous Article in Journal
Social Vulnerability Indicators for Flooding in Aotearoa New Zealand
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effectiveness of Epidemic Preventive Policies and Hospital Strategies in Combating COVID-19 Outbreak in Taiwan
Article

Impact of Meteorological Conditions on the Dynamics of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Poland

1
Institute of Meteorology and Water Management-National Research Institute, 01-673 Warsaw, Poland
2
Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, School of Public Health, 01-826 Warsaw, Poland
3
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Gdansk University of Technology, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland
4
Central Office of Measures, Time and Frequency Laboratory, 00-137 Warsaw, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peng Bi
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(8), 3951; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083951
Received: 19 March 2021 / Revised: 1 April 2021 / Accepted: 6 April 2021 / Published: 9 April 2021
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the novel coronavirus. The role of environmental factors in COVID-19 transmission is unclear. This study aimed to analyze the correlation between meteorological conditions (temperature, relative humidity, sunshine duration, wind speed) and dynamics of the COVID-19 pandemic in Poland. Data on a daily number of laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 cases and the number of COVID-19-related deaths were gatheredfrom the official governmental website. Meteorological observations from 55 synoptic stations in Poland were used. Moreover, reports on the movement of people across different categories of places were collected. A cross-correlation function, principal component analysis and random forest were applied. Maximum temperature, sunshine duration, relative humidity and variability of mean daily temperature affected the dynamics of the COVID-19 pandemic. An increase intemperature and sunshine hours decreased the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases. The occurrence of high humidity caused an increase in the number of COVID-19 cases 14 days later. Decreased sunshine duration and increased air humidity had a negative impact on the number of COVID-19-related deaths. Our study provides information that may be used by policymakers to support the decision-making process in nonpharmaceutical interventions against COVID-19. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; coronavirus; temperature; relative humidity; sunshine; transmission; Poland COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; coronavirus; temperature; relative humidity; sunshine; transmission; Poland
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Bochenek, B.; Jankowski, M.; Gruszczynska, M.; Nykiel, G.; Gruszczynski, M.; Jaczewski, A.; Ziemianski, M.; Pyrc, R.; Figurski, M.; Pinkas, J. Impact of Meteorological Conditions on the Dynamics of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3951. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083951

AMA Style

Bochenek B, Jankowski M, Gruszczynska M, Nykiel G, Gruszczynski M, Jaczewski A, Ziemianski M, Pyrc R, Figurski M, Pinkas J. Impact of Meteorological Conditions on the Dynamics of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Poland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(8):3951. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083951

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bochenek, Bogdan, Mateusz Jankowski, Marta Gruszczynska, Grzegorz Nykiel, Maciej Gruszczynski, Adam Jaczewski, Michal Ziemianski, Robert Pyrc, Mariusz Figurski, and Jarosław Pinkas. 2021. "Impact of Meteorological Conditions on the Dynamics of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Poland" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 8: 3951. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083951

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop