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Article

Cumulative Pesticides Exposure of Children and Their Parents Living near Vineyards by Hair Analysis

1
Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via S. Barnaba, 8, 20122 Milan, Italy
2
Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Via S. Barnaba, 8, 20122 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3723; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073723
Received: 3 March 2021 / Revised: 29 March 2021 / Accepted: 30 March 2021 / Published: 2 April 2021
The aim of the present work was the application of hair biomonitoring to investigate exposure to pesticides in children and their parents residing in a vineyard area. Thirty-three children and 16 parents were involved in the study. Hair samples were self-collected before and after the application season (PRE- and POST-EXP samples). Information on study subjects and the use of pesticides in the area were obtained. Thirty-nine pesticides were analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, and thirty-one pesticides were quantifiable in at least one hair sample. Most frequently detected pesticides were chlorpyrifos, cycloxidim, dimethomorph, metalaxyl, spiroxamine, and tetraconazole. From PRE-EXP to POST-EXP the percentage of quantification and/or the concentration of pesticides increased; the concentration was typically in the low pg/mg hair range with comparable levels in children and parents. An inverse correlation was found between the total exposure to pesticides in POST-EXP hair samples and the distance between home and the treated fields (Spearman ρ = −0.380, p = 0.01). The results of this study show that the majority of the study pesticides were measured in the hair of subjects living in the close proximity of treated vineyards, supporting the determination of pesticides in hair for the purpose of biomonitoring cumulative exposure in the general population. View Full-Text
Keywords: pesticides; hair; biomonitoring; vineyards; child pesticides; hair; biomonitoring; vineyards; child
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MDPI and ACS Style

Polledri, E.; Mercadante, R.; Consonni, D.; Fustinoni, S. Cumulative Pesticides Exposure of Children and Their Parents Living near Vineyards by Hair Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3723. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073723

AMA Style

Polledri E, Mercadante R, Consonni D, Fustinoni S. Cumulative Pesticides Exposure of Children and Their Parents Living near Vineyards by Hair Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3723. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073723

Chicago/Turabian Style

Polledri, Elisa, Rosa Mercadante, Dario Consonni, and Silvia Fustinoni. 2021. "Cumulative Pesticides Exposure of Children and Their Parents Living near Vineyards by Hair Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 7: 3723. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073723

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