Next Article in Journal
Observational Study Regarding the Relationship between Nutritional Status, Dental Caries, Mutans Streptococci, and Lactobacillus Bacterial Colonies
Next Article in Special Issue
Timing of Home Health Care Initiation and 30-Day Rehospitalizations among Medicare Beneficiaries with Diabetes by Race and Ethnicity
Previous Article in Journal
Effects of Gamification on Behavioral Change in Education: A Meta-Analysis
Previous Article in Special Issue
Racial Disparities in Post-Acute Home Health Care Referral and Utilization among Older Adults with Diabetes
Article

Determinants of Disability in Minority Populations in Spain: A Nationwide Study

Research Unit for the Analysis of Mortality and Health Statistics, Department of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine, Public Health and History of Science, University of Alicante, 03080 Alicante, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ronica N. Rooks
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3537; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073537
Received: 10 February 2021 / Revised: 20 March 2021 / Accepted: 25 March 2021 / Published: 29 March 2021
Some population groups could be especially vulnerable to the effects of population ageing. The Global Activity Limitation Indicator (GALI) has been proposed as a measure of disability, but it has not been used in minority groups. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of disability using the GALI and to analyse its determinants in immigrant and Roma populations. Data from the Spanish National Health Survey 2017 and the National Health Survey of the Roma Population 2014 were used, including adults aged 50 and above. Prevalence of disability was estimated, and odds ratios were calculated using logistic regression models to assess the association between disability and demographic, socioeconomic, and health variables. The prevalence of disability was estimated at 39.4%, 30.6%, and 58.7% in the native, immigrant, and Roma populations, respectively. Gender was a common determinant for the native and Roma populations. On the other hand, among immigrants, the risk of disability increased over the time residing in Spain. There were significant interactions with age and gender in the native population. Disability has different determinants in the three population groups. Public health measures to protect the Roma population and immigrants’ health should be considered. View Full-Text
Keywords: disability evaluation; emigrants and immigrants; Roma; ethnicity; inequalities; middle-aged and older adults; health status indicators; social determinants of health; surveys and questionnaires; Spain disability evaluation; emigrants and immigrants; Roma; ethnicity; inequalities; middle-aged and older adults; health status indicators; social determinants of health; surveys and questionnaires; Spain
MDPI and ACS Style

Casillas-Clot, J.; Pereyra-Zamora, P.; Nolasco, A. Determinants of Disability in Minority Populations in Spain: A Nationwide Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3537. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073537

AMA Style

Casillas-Clot J, Pereyra-Zamora P, Nolasco A. Determinants of Disability in Minority Populations in Spain: A Nationwide Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3537. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073537

Chicago/Turabian Style

Casillas-Clot, Javier, Pamela Pereyra-Zamora, and Andreu Nolasco. 2021. "Determinants of Disability in Minority Populations in Spain: A Nationwide Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 7: 3537. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073537

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop