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Article

Racial Disparities in Post-Acute Home Health Care Referral and Utilization among Older Adults with Diabetes

1
College of Nursing, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
2
School of Nursing, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Newark, NJ 07108, USA
3
Institute for Health, Health Care Policy, and Aging Research, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
4
School of Public Health, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA
5
Keck School of Medicine of USC, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, LA 90033, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ronica N. Rooks, Cassandra D. Ford and Arlesia Mathis
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 3196; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063196
Received: 29 January 2021 / Revised: 15 March 2021 / Accepted: 16 March 2021 / Published: 19 March 2021
Racial and ethnic disparities exist in diabetes prevalence, health services utilization, and outcomes including disabling and life-threatening complications among patients with diabetes. Home health care may especially benefit older adults with diabetes through individualized education, advocacy, care coordination, and psychosocial support for patients and their caregivers. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between race/ethnicity and hospital discharge to home health care and subsequent utilization of home health care among a cohort of adults (age 50 and older) who experienced a diabetes-related hospitalization. The study was limited to patients who were continuously enrolled in Medicare for at least 12 months and in the United States. The cohort (n = 786,758) was followed for 14 days after their diabetes-related index hospitalization, using linked Medicare administrative, claims, and assessment data (2014–2016). Multivariate logistic regression models included patient demographics, comorbidities, hospital length of stay, geographic region, neighborhood deprivation, and rural/urban setting. In fully adjusted models, hospital discharge to home health care was significantly less likely among Hispanic (OR 0.8, 95% CI 0.8–0.8) and American Indian (OR 0.8, CI 0.8–0.8) patients compared to White patients. Among those discharged to home health care, all non-white racial/ethnic minority patients were less likely to receive services within 14-days. Future efforts to reduce racial/ethnic disparities in post-acute care outcomes among patients with a diabetes-related hospitalization should include policies and practice guidelines that address structural racism and systemic barriers to accessing home health care services. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic conditions; diabetes; older adults; race or ethnicity; health care access; home health care; social determinants of health; inequalities or inequities chronic conditions; diabetes; older adults; race or ethnicity; health care access; home health care; social determinants of health; inequalities or inequities
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MDPI and ACS Style

Smith, J.M.; Jarrín, O.F.; Lin, H.; Tsui, J.; Dharamdasani, T.; Thomas-Hawkins, C. Racial Disparities in Post-Acute Home Health Care Referral and Utilization among Older Adults with Diabetes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3196. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063196

AMA Style

Smith JM, Jarrín OF, Lin H, Tsui J, Dharamdasani T, Thomas-Hawkins C. Racial Disparities in Post-Acute Home Health Care Referral and Utilization among Older Adults with Diabetes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):3196. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063196

Chicago/Turabian Style

Smith, Jamie M., Olga F. Jarrín, Haiqun Lin, Jennifer Tsui, Tina Dharamdasani, and Charlotte Thomas-Hawkins. 2021. "Racial Disparities in Post-Acute Home Health Care Referral and Utilization among Older Adults with Diabetes" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 3196. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063196

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