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Numerical Modeling of Groundwater Pollution by Chlorpyrifos, Bromacil and Terbuthylazine. Application to the Buñol-Cheste Aquifer (Spain)

Instituto de Ingeniería del Agua y Medio Ambiente, Universitat Politècnica de València (IIAMA-UPV), 46022 Valencia, Spain
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Academic Editor: Fernando António Leal Pacheco
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(7), 3511; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073511
Received: 18 February 2021 / Revised: 24 March 2021 / Accepted: 25 March 2021 / Published: 28 March 2021
Chlorpyrifos, Bromacil and Terbuthylazine are commonly used as insecticides and herbicides to control weeds and prevent non-desirable growth of algae, fungi and bacteria in many agricultural applications. Despite their highly negative effects on human health, environmental modeling of these pesticides in the vadose zone until they reach groundwater is still not being conducted on a regular basis. This work shows results obtained by version 5.08 of the Pesticide Root Zone Model (PRZM5) numerical model to simulate the fate and transport of Chlorpyrifos, Bromacil and Terbuthylazine between 2006 and 2018 inside the Buñol-Cheste aquifer in Spain. The model uses a whole set of parameters to solve a modified version of the mass transport equation considering the combined effect of advection, dispersion and reactive transport processes. The simulation process was designed for a set of twelve scenarios considering four application doses for each pesticide. Results show that the maximum concentration value for every scenario exceeds the current Spanish Maximum Concentration Limit (0.1 μg/L). Numerical simulations were able to reproduce concentration observations over time despite the limited amount of available data. View Full-Text
Keywords: pesticides; Chlorpyrifos; Bromacil; Terbuthylazine; numerical modeling; aquifer pesticides; Chlorpyrifos; Bromacil; Terbuthylazine; numerical modeling; aquifer
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pérez-Indoval, R.; Rodrigo-Ilarri, J.; Cassiraga, E.; Rodrigo-Clavero, M.-E. Numerical Modeling of Groundwater Pollution by Chlorpyrifos, Bromacil and Terbuthylazine. Application to the Buñol-Cheste Aquifer (Spain). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3511. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073511

AMA Style

Pérez-Indoval R, Rodrigo-Ilarri J, Cassiraga E, Rodrigo-Clavero M-E. Numerical Modeling of Groundwater Pollution by Chlorpyrifos, Bromacil and Terbuthylazine. Application to the Buñol-Cheste Aquifer (Spain). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(7):3511. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073511

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pérez-Indoval, Ricardo, Javier Rodrigo-Ilarri, Eduardo Cassiraga, and María-Elena Rodrigo-Clavero. 2021. "Numerical Modeling of Groundwater Pollution by Chlorpyrifos, Bromacil and Terbuthylazine. Application to the Buñol-Cheste Aquifer (Spain)" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 7: 3511. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073511

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