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Article

Lifestyle Habits and Mental Health in Light of the Two COVID-19 Pandemic Waves in Sweden, 2020

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Department of Physical Activity and Health, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, 114 33 Stockholm, Sweden
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Functional Area Occupational Therapy & Physiotherapy, Allied Health Professionals Function, Karolinska University Hospital, 171 76 Solna, Sweden
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Research Department, HPI Health Profile Institute, 182 53 Danderyd, Sweden
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Department of Psychology, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden
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Department of Sport Science and Physical Education, University of Agder, 4630 Kristiansand, Norway
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Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden
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Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Physiotherapy, Karolinska Institute, 141 83 Stockholm, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Frank Eves
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 3313; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063313
Received: 18 February 2021 / Revised: 16 March 2021 / Accepted: 18 March 2021 / Published: 23 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Exercise and Health)
The COVID-19 pandemic has become a public health emergency of international concern, which may have affected lifestyle habits and mental health. Based on national health profile assessments, this study investigated perceived changes of lifestyle habits in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and associations between perceived lifestyle changes and mental health in Swedish working adults. Among 5599 individuals (50% women, 46.3 years), the majority reported no change (sitting 77%, daily physical activity 71%, exercise 69%, diet 87%, alcohol 90%, and smoking 97%) due to the pandemic. Changes were more pronounced during the first wave (April–June) compared to the second (October–December). Women, individuals <60 years, those with a university degree, white-collar workers, and those with unhealthy lifestyle habits at baseline had higher odds of changing lifestyle habits compared to their counterparts. Negative changes in lifestyle habits and more time in a mentally passive state sitting at home were associated with higher odds of mental ill-health (including health anxiety regarding one’s own and relatives’ health, generalized anxiety and depression symptoms, and concerns regarding employment and economy). The results emphasize the need to support healthy lifestyle habits to strengthen the resilience in vulnerable groups of individuals to future viral pandemics and prevent health inequalities in society. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; sitting; alcohol; diet; smoking; SARS-CoV-2; Sweden; mental health; health anxiety; depression physical activity; sitting; alcohol; diet; smoking; SARS-CoV-2; Sweden; mental health; health anxiety; depression
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MDPI and ACS Style

Blom, V.; Lönn, A.; Ekblom, B.; Kallings, L.V.; Väisänen, D.; Hemmingsson, E.; Andersson, G.; Wallin, P.; Stenling, A.; Ekblom, Ö.; Lindwall, M.; Salier Eriksson, J.; Holmlund, T.; Ekblom-Bak, E. Lifestyle Habits and Mental Health in Light of the Two COVID-19 Pandemic Waves in Sweden, 2020. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3313. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063313

AMA Style

Blom V, Lönn A, Ekblom B, Kallings LV, Väisänen D, Hemmingsson E, Andersson G, Wallin P, Stenling A, Ekblom Ö, Lindwall M, Salier Eriksson J, Holmlund T, Ekblom-Bak E. Lifestyle Habits and Mental Health in Light of the Two COVID-19 Pandemic Waves in Sweden, 2020. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):3313. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063313

Chicago/Turabian Style

Blom, Victoria, Amanda Lönn, Björn Ekblom, Lena V. Kallings, Daniel Väisänen, Erik Hemmingsson, Gunnar Andersson, Peter Wallin, Andreas Stenling, Örjan Ekblom, Magnus Lindwall, Jane Salier Eriksson, Tobias Holmlund, and Elin Ekblom-Bak. 2021. "Lifestyle Habits and Mental Health in Light of the Two COVID-19 Pandemic Waves in Sweden, 2020" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 3313. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18063313

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