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Article

Money Protects White but Not African American Men against Discrimination: Comparison of African American and White Men in the Same Geographic Areas

by 1,2, 2,3,4 and 2,5,6,*
1
Department of Family Medicine, Charles Drew University, Los Angeles, CA 90059, USA
2
UCLA BRITE Center for Science, Research and Policy, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA 90095-1563, USA
3
Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA 90095-1772, USA
4
Department of Statistics, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA 90095-1554, USA
5
Department of Health Policy and Management, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA 90095-1772, USA
6
Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA 90095-1563, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2706; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052706
Received: 14 January 2021 / Revised: 4 February 2021 / Accepted: 5 February 2021 / Published: 8 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
To compare African American (AA) and non-Hispanic White men living in same residential areas for the associations between educational attainment and household income with perceived discrimination (PD). The National Survey of American Life (NSAL), a nationally representative study, included 1643 men who were either African American (n = 1271) or non-Hispanic White (n = 372). We compared the associations between the two race groups using linear regression. In the total sample, high household income was significantly associated with lower levels of PD. There were interactions between race and household income, suggesting that the association between household income and PD significantly differs for African American and non-Hispanic White men. For non-Hispanic White men, household income was inversely associated with PD. For African American men, however, household income was not related to PD. While higher income offers greater protection for non-Hispanic White men against PD, African American men perceive higher levels of discrimination compared to White males, regardless of income levels. Understanding the role this similar but unequal experience plays in the physical and mental health of African American men is worth exploring. Additionally, developing an enhanced understanding of the drivers for high-income African American men’s cognitive appraisal of discrimination may be useful in anticipating and addressing the health impacts of that discrimination. Equally important to discerning how social determinants work in high-income African American men’s physical and mental health may be investigating the impact of the mental health and wellbeing of deferment based on perceived discrimination of dreams and aspirations associated with achieving high levels of education and income attainment of Black men. View Full-Text
Keywords: discrimination; perceived discrimination; socioeconomic status; income; education; racism discrimination; perceived discrimination; socioeconomic status; income; education; racism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Assari, S.; Cochran, S.D.; Mays, V.M. Money Protects White but Not African American Men against Discrimination: Comparison of African American and White Men in the Same Geographic Areas. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2706. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052706

AMA Style

Assari S, Cochran SD, Mays VM. Money Protects White but Not African American Men against Discrimination: Comparison of African American and White Men in the Same Geographic Areas. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(5):2706. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052706

Chicago/Turabian Style

Assari, Shervin, Susan D. Cochran, and Vickie M. Mays. 2021. "Money Protects White but Not African American Men against Discrimination: Comparison of African American and White Men in the Same Geographic Areas" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 5: 2706. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052706

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